Thus, it is Antigone's devotion to honoring men which gets her arrested, and it is the cultural patriarchy of her society which condemns her to being buried alive, perfectly illustrating how Antigone's own tragic flaw…… [Read More]. Antigone hat is fate, and what is free will? In Sophocles' play Antigone, both fate and free will are important in determining the outcome of the play. Fate is presented as something that the gods determine.
It is the destiny of human beings, and something that people have no control over. No matter how hard a person like Antigone or Creon tries to fight fate, their lives are not entirely our own to live.
Free will exists, but with limitations. Human beings can make choices and decisions, and those decisions sometimes do alter one's fate. For example, Creon's decision to not bury Polyneices is the central decision that leads to the tragic ending of the play Antigone. Antigone knows that King Creon is going against the will of the gods by refusing to give Polyneices, her brother, a proper burial.
This is the central issue of Antigone. Antigone Sophocles' Antigone is a story that has several strong characters, each set up cleverly in order to demonstrate the role that personality traits and the strength of conviction in ideals plays in determining individual decisions. Thus, if Creon's son Haemon serves as a contrast of wisdom to his own display of pride and arrogance, Antigone's sister Ismene acts as a foil in defining Antigone's character and strength of conviction in her ideals.
One of the best ways to demonstrate the sharp contrast in personalities is to place two people; both with equal interests, in an identical situation where life challenges must be faced.
Sophocles does exactly this in the opening scene of Antigone when he shows the different reactions of the sisters Antigone and Ismene to Creon's proclamation that their brother, Polynices' body should be left unburied for the birds and dogs to devour. Antigone's reaction is one where…… [Read More]. Antigone Literature Has the Ability to Reflect. Antigone Literature has the ability to reflect the society in which the piece was created and the cultural beliefs of that community. This cultural perspective also has to do with the religion of the community in which the piece of literature was written.
The discrepancy between religious belief and the demands and order of the governmental system is a particularly common theme in literature. Perhaps one of the best examples of a piece of literature representing this dichotomy is Antigone which is the second play in Sophocles' Oedipus trilogy. Although the story of Antigone may be less well-known than that of her father Oedipus, it is no less compelling and tragic.
Antigone desires to bury her brother properly, according the religious beliefs of Ancient Greece but is thwarted because he is regarded by the people of Thebes as a traitor. Polynices, her brother, has engaged in warfare with his brother…… [Read More]. Antigone Sophocles' Antigone has been widely interpreted as a play about a young woman's admirable courage of conviction. This rather straightforward interpretation is largely the result of a plot that revolves around Antigone's determination to honor her dead brother by giving him a proper burial, in spite of the King's edict that his corpse should be left to rot.
Thus, Antigone's tragic fate is seen as the result of her laudable defiance of an unjust ruling rather than the result of a flaw in her own character. However, on closer analysis, there is ground to argue that Sophocles' purpose was not to create a play on praiseworthy virtues but to highlight the fact that actions motivated by a lack of temperance and hubris inevitably lead to tragic consequences. The interpretation that Antigone is a morality play that focuses on the ideals of religion, honor and courage is perfectly understandable if…… [Read More].
Antigone Philosophers Like Aristotle Noticed. Both Antigone and Creon are determined and obstinate. Both exhibit the tragic flaw of hubris, because neither one is willing to surrender his or her will. However, Creon was in the position to avert the tragic ending of the play without sacrificing much more than his pride. Antigone, on the other hand, would have lost everything she believed in and her self-respect if she humbly accepted the marriage and did not raise a voice to Creon.
Like Ismene, Antigone would have been another docile woman willing to accept the status quo and as such, she would not have been the play's heroine, tragic or not. Antigone's actions actually show her to be a remarkable hero who cared more for existential peace than for false security or meaningless laws.
The tragedy at the end of the play testifies to Antigone's courage and strength. Determination and stubbornness do not necessarily equal hubris. Antigone Is One of the. However, there are a number of similarities in the two writings, ranging from the dominance of men over women to the determination of women to do as they please, with no care whatsoever of the consequences that their actions have on themselves. Even with that, it is difficult to ignore how the Duke prides himself when talking about how he managed to suppress his wife.
To a certain extent, both the Duke and Creon are satisfied knowing that they imposed their authority, but at the same time they seem to feel sorry that they had to resort to such an act. Evilness of Creon Creon's behavior across the play certainly influences most individuals in the audience…… [Read More]. Antigone Sophocles an Athenian Politician and Dramatist. Antigone Sophocles, an Athenian politician and dramatist, wrote Antigone and Oedipus the King, two famous works, known for the connection of tragedy between generations of the characters.
Indeed, Antigone's fate is shaped not only through her own actions, but through Oedipus' sin as well. Any analysis of Antigone is therefore incomplete without first taking into account its linkages to Oedipus. Both Antigone and Oedipus have the same theme of the hubris or arrogance of even the most powerful of men Oedipus and Creon ultimately having to bow down before 'the supreme will and power of the Gods', as exemplified in "But if any man comes striding, high and mighty, in all he says and does, no fear of justice, no reverence for the temples of the gods -- let a rough doom tear him down, repay his pride, breakneck, ruinous pride!
Oedipus and again in Antigone: Hot-button topics like abortion and related women's rights are commonly addressed by feminists and non-traditional women. That is not to say that traditional women do not believe they should have reproductive rights, but only that non-traditional women are much more likely to speak out on the issue and make their voices heard.
Through that, change is often made that benefits both the non-traditional and traditional women in society. This causes society to advance, and what was non-traditional becomes more traditional over time. As can be seen from an examination of Antigone and her sister, and from an examination of what non-traditional women of today are doing with their lives and the causes they support, being non-traditional has its benefits and value, both to the women and to society as a whole.
Not all women are comfortable with that role, of course, but there are a number of women who feel…… [Read More]. Antigone Odyssey Greek Value Systems. But her loyalty is not to her father or brother, but to her husband, thus it is viewed more charitably in the ancient Greek system of values. Also, her actions protect the state, as she prevents a wrongful king coming to power by refusing to remarry immediately, after her husband is suspected to be dead.
Interestingly enough, Penelope manifests her supreme value of loyalty through her use of mendacity, as she unweaves her web every night. Penelope, at the beginning of the epic poem the "Odyssey," has promised the suitors demanding her hand in marriage and leadership over her husband's kingdom, that she will chose one of them only after she finishes weaving her piecework -- hence her nightly undoing of her weaving.
Eventually, this ruse is discovered, but the cleverness that Penelope's lies demonstrate, as well as the lies her husband frequently tells to extricate himself from many an…… [Read More].
Antigone A Kaleidoscopic Woman of. Thus, it is evident that Antigone's capacity for devotion and love has different hues and is, therefore, kaleidoscopic in nature.
Unfortunately, it is perhaps this very mercurial quality that results in her actions leading to tragedy. A tragedy that is based on Aristotle's formula Antigone has often left scholars and students puzzled as to whether Antigone is an ideal tragic heroine, and whether the play conforms to Aristotelian principles Berlin, p. By analyzing Sophocles's characterization of Antigone as a kaleidoscopic woman of different hues, it is easy to see how Antigone's hamartia leads to a tragedy of virtually epic proportions.
Therefore, there is a case to argue that not only is she the ideal tragic heroine or hero but…… [Read More]. Antigone as a Feminist Heroine. The question of whether Antigone, the title character of the third tragedy within Sophocles' Theban trilogy, is indeed a feminist heroine is a debatable one. Considering the literal definitions of words like, "feminism" "the theory of the political, economic, and social equality of the sexes" ebster's New American Dictionary, p.
A woman admired for her achievements and qualities 2. The chief female character in a literary or dramatic work" p. Despite Polynices' treachery in life, Antigone wishes for her brother to be buried with honor, just like her other brother, Eteocles.
Antigone's reputation as a "feminist heroine" springs from the fact that she defies…… [Read More]. Antigone the Game of Fate. Fate is an essential part of many tragedies. As for the characters in Antigone, their fates end up being unavoidable, whether it is due to the reason that they refused to accept it until it was very late, or they accepted the fate and permitted it to come to pass.
The character's lives possess set conclusions, and there exits some clues on what these conclusions shall be, and when they shall happen. The characters are frequently capable of knowing their fate and reacting to it. At certain periods, characters accept their fate since it is vital to them, or they trust that it is unavoidable Stegar, 1. A vital theme of Antigone is the conflict amidst fate and a person's action. Whereas free decisions, like the choice…… [Read More].
Sophocles' "Antigone" Antigone is motivated to disobey Creon's edict and give her brother, Polyneices, a proper burial because she believes both Eteocles and Polyneices deserve the same honor, to be reunited with their deceased parents to live in death in Hades. Antigone says, lines "Yea, hath not Creon, of our two brothers slain, honored with burial one, disdained the other?
When Antigone says, "So with my loved one loved shall I abide, my crime a deed most holy: It is because of this importance and Antigone's own sense of right that she was motivated to disobey Creon's edict. Ismene is a foil to Antigone when she refuses to help bury their brother, Polyneices. Sophocles Antigone in Sophocles Play. Antigone suggests that Creon has defied the divine law even though he claims to promote lawful behavior, suggesting that he violate ritual and that it is her duty to change that, "Hate and scorn and shame have followed us, we two, living with hell's own curse Antigone argues that her actions are done out of love, desperately pleading to her sister Ismene "You coward!
Stop turning my love into hate Antigone also proclaims that she "wasn't born to hate one with the other, but to love both together" referring to her brothers Braun I love my brother" Braun The chorus however suggests that law superceded love, stating "The mind is full of cunning, for evil and for…… [Read More].
Sophocles explores the connection between fate and character in the play Antigone, in which the title character becomes a classic tragic hero due to flaws like hubris. However, it is not just her character traits that destine Antigone for her fateful end. She has strong moral principles, and is guided by universal ethical values rather than the limited and unjust rules established by the authoritarian King Creon. Antigone values spiritual principles, mercy, and justice, making her an exemplar of virtue ethics in the Aristotelian sense.
Moreover, Antigone acts selflessly, placing principles above her own self-interest and risking her life to promote her values. Yet Sophocles shows that a virtuous character or ethical behaviors sometimes lead to tragic results. Also, Antigone is…… [Read More]. Creon as a Tragic Hero. Creon as a Tragic Hero Antigone, a play written by Sophocles consisted of three main themes, all of which play a significant role in the portrayal and understanding of the play.
These themes comprise of love, fate, and pride. To begin with, Oedipus has murdered his father, who was the king of Thebes, unaware that it was his father. Subsequent to this, he took over and became the king of Thebes. What is more, Oedipus ended up marrying the reigning queen of Thebes, who was his mother and bore four children. Antigone is one of the children that was born out of this relationship.
In the end, when Oedipus came to the realization of what he had actually done, he went on to move away and cut out his eyes. Subsequent to all of this, it is Creon that ended up taking over as the king of Thebes. The sense…… [Read More]. Self in Antigone and Hamlet. Hamlet, however, is full of hesitation. He does not experience the type of confidence Antigone does and suffers because of it.
These characters are not abnormal; they are exaggerated or comical in a way audiences cannot relate to them. They are uniquely human and that is why they are still popular today -- because they are real enough that audience members feel as though they have known these types of personalities before. Through these characters, the playwrights show the audience how important it is to be true to self above all else. From Creon, who loses his sense of self when he sells out to power to Hamlet, who loses his sense of self when he falls into depression, to Antigone, who gladly gives her life for what she believes, we see the power of the sense of self and the importance of how it should be respected.
Doll's House and Antigone Sophocles and Henrik. In Antigone, the title character questions the right of leaders to judge strictly when she commits treason after burying her brother.
The deciding factor in determining Ibsen's characters' fates in A Doll's House is a moral dilemma of the intent behind an act of fraud. Both Sophocles and Ibsen pass judgment on their characters, but show that the justice system may be flawed when motive and intent are not considered in the prosecution of crimes. Antigone directly challenges the authority of King Creon when she says, "Your edict, King, was strong, but all your strength is weakness itself against the immortal laws of God. They are not merely now: Theatrical Analysis of Macbeth and Antigone.
Theatrical Analysis of Macbeth and Antigone The most accounted features of a tragedy are the gloominess of atmosphere, solemnity of action, mental conflicts, strain, suspense and capability of capturing the audience.
Tragedy tries to stimulate the sentiments of pity and fear Devi 1. Thus, this study is comparing the two Shakespearean and Greek tragedies, Macbeth and Antigone.
This analysis will compare and contrast the two plays, their theme, comparison of main characters, conflict, plot etc. The purpose of this study is to provide a deeper understanding of the plays to the reader and to assess the similarity and differences in both the plays. Macbeth unfolds the story of a man, ambitious to become a king. He even murders King Duncan to fulfil his ambition due to the prophecy of the three witches and his wife, Lady Macbeth.
However, he ends up dying because of his greediness. Antigone, on the other…… [Read More]. Oedipus and Antigone Questions Answered. Creon is more sympathetic than Oedipus. He even goes on to accuse him of being "evil incarnate" II. Creon actually tries to change Oedipus' mind while Oedipus is nothing but a man on a mission and no one should get in his way. Creon does not change his position throughout the entire play and from this, we can gather that Creon is more stable than Oedipus.
Antigone acts as she does because she firmly believes in her cause. She is a hero because she refuses to change her position. She acts the way…… [Read More]. Role of Creon the Play Antigone Can. Role of Creon The play Antigone can certainly speak to a modern audience, because it is about the dangers of hubris, or the arrogant feeling that one can do whatever he or she wants because of the individual's feeling of power.
In a democracy, we might see this when a politician declares that he has a "mandate" from the people. Some feel that it was hubris, a feeling that he could do whatever he wanted and not be held accountable, that brought the Nixon administration down. Although as king, Creon consults with the oracles and tries to respect the will of the gods, he is in power because of tremendous turmoil and unbelievable tragedies in his extended family.
Instead of trying to bring consensus and closure to the terrible events, he decides that he must punish one person involved, but not both. He allows funeral ceremonies for one nephew but…… [Read More]. Judgment Sophocles' Antigone Illustrates the. Good judgment is something that comes from careful consideration of the issue and understanding all of the steps that have lead to the development of the particular dilemma faced. No situation arises without context. Consideration of that context provides a means for making better decisions.
In Antigone, Creon's poor decision is backed by the chorus. The chorus, however, is not a worthy source of sound decision-making. It provides little in the way of perspective. This shows that good judgment comes from within, not from listening to the inevitable chorus of voices. The chorus is merely loud, not necessarily wise and is unlikely to bear the consequences of the decision, should it be made with poor judgment.
Creon thus suffered because he failed to consider the entire context and did not tune out the chorus when it offered…… [Read More]. Tragic Truth the Search for. It recounts the travails of Antigone, daughter of Oedipus the former king of Thebes, who disobeys King Creon in burying the body of her slain brother. Antigone does not see meaninglessness in death, but rather is willing to face death for the symbolic gesture of burying her brother.
This illustrates her own tragic quest for truth; like Gilgamesh and Creon , she is frustrated by the rules and order imposed by a mortal government, and feels that it pales in comparison to the divine moral laws such as those regarding the treatment of the dead and the…… [Read More].
Nature of Justice -- Secular or Divine. Nature of Justice -- ecular or Divine? Comparative Essay The comparison of Antigone and Dante's Inferno is interesting as they are really quite different in style, tone, context, and story type.
Both stories address the choices made by mankind, and the allegiances that people form and that impact their actions. Dante is in charge of the telling in his story, but Antigone must suffer through the interpretations, telling, and retelling of her story and that of her opponent. Third of the three Theban plays, Antigone is a tragedy attributed to ophocles circa BC. Of the three plays set in the city of Thebes, Antigone was created first but is chronologically the last in the stream of events.
Establishing the premises related to the characters in the story is dominant in the first part of the play, then the action relentlessly advances toward the outcome, which the reader assumes…… [Read More]. Major Themes in European Literature. In Oedipus Rex and Antigone, Sophocles explores the relationship an individual has with the world and society. In each of these plays, Sophocles juxtaposes divinity and humanity and investigates the role of each within Theban society as well as looks into conflicts that arise when the laws of man conflict with divine laws.
Through their narratives, Oedipus Rex and Antigone posit man is intended to serve others, including gods, and that they do not exist to be self-serving.
Oedipus Rex revolves around an eponymous anti-hero who by saving the city of Thebes from a Sphinx inadvertently and simultaneously brought forth a plague upon it. By defeating the Sphinx, Oedipus secured his place upon the Theban throne and as such was not only responsible for ensuring laws were abided, but was also responsible for protecting Thebes' citizens.
Because of the plague that…… [Read More]. Family vs Society in Sophocles'. Though Antigone is certainly the protagonist of the play, she makes her decision very early in the action -- she chooses to bury her brother despite the civil disobedience and disrespect of the State that it shows. Ismene, on the other hand, wavers between the two duties. Though Ismene's motives might be somewhat questionable, she is at least claiming a sense of duty and companionship with her sister -- and a desire to honor her brother -- by joining in the guilt of the act against the State.
Antigone will not let her, again for reasons that could be put under debate. One possible explanation for Antigone's refusal to let Ismene share the punishment for the act would be her…… [Read More]. Creon of Oedipus and the. He is hurting from being blame for this crime, however in Antigone, he falsely accuses people.
He becomes heartless between both stories due to the personal experience he went through, which made him a different character in each one. King Creon decrees that Polynices the traitor is not to be buried, but his sister Antigone defies the order.
She is caught, and sentenced by Creon to be buried alive - even though she is betrothed to his son Haemon. After the blind prophet Tiresias proves that the gods are on Antigone's side, Creon changes his mind - but too late.
He goes first to bury Polynices, but Antigone has already hanged herself. When Creon arrives at the tomb, Haemon attacks him and then kills himself. When the news of their death is reported, Creon's wife Eurydice takes her own life. Creon the Play Oedipus the. This is a major departure from the Creon seen in Oedipus Rex and reflects his changed role. In addition, he sees changing one's mind as a weakness, "womanish," an undesireable trait in a king. Once he's made a decision he feels he must stick by it even if he suspects it might have been incorrect.
The first decision Creon makes that affects this play is that he will give Etocles a state funeral, but that Polynices' body is to be left out in the open, unsanctified, and left for the animals to eat.
This is a terrible fate for a Greek, who must have certain rites performed to move on to the next life. Creon sided with Etocles, but both brothers broke the agreement. Antigone is outraged that Etocles is to be ushered in to the next life proplerly but not Polynices. She takes a stand and decides to perform…… [Read More]. Tragedy in the Oedipus Trilogy Sophocles Is. Tragedy in the Oedipus Trilogy Sophocles is considered to be one of the greatest Greek dramatists, and remains among the most renowned playwrights even today.
The Greek tragedy is one of the most influential genres of literary and theatrical history on the modern drama and theatre. The theatre of ancient Greece was inspired by the worship of Dionysus, and the performance of plays was considered to be a religious experience for both the actors and the audience.
According to Aristotle, the philosopher credited with creating the definition of a tragedy, "Tragedy, then, is an imitation of an action that is serious, complete, and of a certain magnitude; in language embellished with each kind of artistic ornament,…… [Read More]. Hubris The Good the Bad. She is committed like Creon but for purely unselfish reasons.
In this sense, we can see how the truth cannot be stopped. Antigone even admits her guilt, telling Creon, "I did it. I don't deny a thing" In addition to this, she is not afraid of the consequences. She even has the nerve to tell Creon that his doom will be her "precious little pain. I've been accused of folly by a fool" Antigone goes to extremes but it is for the cause of something greater than herself while Creon cannot…… [Read More].
Creon State vs Family the. Not following his own rules, in the end, would make him attractive to Thebes as he would stay close to the rules of Gods.
Following his words, would have meant the despise of all Greece, something no political strategy would allow.
It could be said that his change of direction comes, therefore, from two causes. The first, and the immediate one, comes from the pressures the Chorus puts him to.
It could be argued that the Chorus, in this case, is his political conscience that asks for admitting that his decision is detrimental for his rule. A leader that creates rules with effects that are opposing the beliefs of his people has little chance for a good reign, especially in the shadows of a civil war.
A state with a fragile political and social system is vulnerable to exterior forces. The other cause of his decision to bury Polyneices and…… [Read More]. Religion in the Literary Works. Machiavelli shared Douglass' opinion concerning the role of religion in one's society. He believed that religion is instrumental in bringing about not only a moral society, but also a just one. In his discourse, "The Prince," he asserted that the ideal leader, the Prince, must not " This means that in the same way as people let their lives be influenced by religion and its values and beliefs, so too must the Prince engage in a lifestyle dominated by religion.
A religious individual is a moral individual, hence commanding the respect of his people and giving him credibility to lead over society. However, it is also vital to note that while he put premium to religiosity, Machiavelli's characterization…… [Read More]. Sophocles An Ancient Voice for. If Oedipus had controlled his temper instead, he might have averted his awful fate.
Sophocles uses this parable to make a statement about man's responsibilities. Even today, people are continuously making choices that have negative impacts on their own lives, yet they shirk any blame or responsibility for the fruits of those choices.
Sophocles shows us that Oedipus is not a victim of the whims of the gods, but a victim of his own actions. Sophocles uses Oedipus to make social commentary on the self-denial of the common man. In modern times, we see this reflected in the attitudes of the average American- we constantly seek to place the blame for our misfortunes on external sources instead of acknowledging our own contributions to those misfortunes. As much as Oedipus is a victim of his own actions, he is a victim of his emotions.
He carries the anger and resentment of…… [Read More]. Education and Proper Behavior for. He believed, a bit more than Sophocles, that through behavior, humans can actually change fate. Fate does control, yes, but only punishes those who fly in the face of all that is just and divine. For instance, Plato would agree with Sophocles that Fate would have a hand in punishing those who rule via hubris, or supreme confidence in their wisdom and strengths.
However, Plato believed that through acting justly and with proper political and logical behavior, humans can actually reroute fate and escape its wrath. Aristotle was, arguably, the most different in his beliefs on how humans should behave, and the construction of their education, in this group of Plato, Sophocles and Aristotle.
By setting up objective criteria for human behavior, Aristotle prepares the foundation for his aristocratic political views. Perhaps the part of Aristotle's Politics most offensive to the general concept of Greek democracy is his defense of…… [Read More]. Covenants in Genesis and Oedipus. How could that be true when that child was left in the woods to die? Oedipus is calmed, but he still sets out to solve the murder-mystery and punish the man who committed regicide.
As more details come to the surface, however, Oedipus starts to get a bad feeling. The evidence indeed points to him: Laius, he learns, was slain at the same crossroads where Oedipus took the lives of a group of men.
Apparently so…as Oedipus also learns that he was the babe whom Jocasta and Laius abandoned -- and indeed has grown up to ruin the house by killing his father and marrying and having children with his mother Jocasta. Jocasta sensing that this might be the case had pleaded for Oedipus to halt the investigation, but determined to know the truth, Oedipus called the herdsman who found him tied to a tree to…… [Read More].
How does this show in the work? One theme might possibly be this: More specifically, how is the work designed, structured, and written in such a way that it has an memorable impact? Of course, you will probably be reading a translation, and it is always difficult to judge the quality of literary works unless one can read them in the original language. However, you may be able to find a fairly literal translation the ones in the Loeb Classical Library tend to be fairly literal and can try to discuss what, exactly, makes this play a classic.
Anyone could have written a play on the same topic; what literary qualities make this particular treatment of the topic powerful? One advantage of this topic is that you will have plenty to write about. Another advantage is that you will actually be discussing the play itself, not merely the ideas or "themes" the play contains.
Another thesis, along similar lines, might involve discussing how and to what degree this play fits Aristotle's definition of a successful tragedy. Themes are always a great thing to examine when looking at any text. Another great way to examine a text in an essay is through character analysis. Character analysis allows a reader to dissect a character and explain how they, as the reader, sees the character.
I think an interesting topic in regards to this play is the question of "whose story is it, really? Another topic to consider is to what degree Antigone's being a woman has to do with her tragic end. Is it because she defies the law about women that Antigone meets her end, or is it because she defies Creon's edict? That is, what role gender plays in this tragedy could be a topic. What are some possible topics that I could consider for a page essay?
Expert Answers readerofbooks Certified Educator. I loved this play when I first read it in high school. This brings up the question: How is the play relevant today, and how has it influenced other works of drama and literature. How has it entered into our culture?
The essay topics in this lesson are designed to help students consolidate their learning and think critically about the play. Why Essay Topics? If your students are reading Sophocles' classic play 'Antigone', they are probably thinking about complex themes and ideas.
Antigone will have no "just cause," or no human reason for bringing herself to the point of death. Instead, she acts in terms of her desire, a desire she clings to despite its madness. Just as she always played with water, ate from all the plates at once, or went swimming at dawn, she will bury Polynices.
Antigone study guide contains a biography of Sophocles, literature essays, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis. Aug 23, · Suggested Essay Topics. Consider the contrast and rivalry Anouilh establishes between Antigone and Ismene. What are the terms of both? How do they relate to Antigone's fate? Consider Anouilh's use of humor. You may want to isolate one or two scenes for discussion. Examples include the dictation of Antigone's letter and Creon's caricature of Oedipus.
Thesis Statement / Essay Topic #4: The Individual Versus the State in Antigone. The role of the individual in Antigone is very important. Obviously, Antigone herself is a strong individual character, who is not willing to allow her brother to be dishonored, no matter what the cost is to her own body. Given the wonderful themes present in the text (choice/consequence, custom/tradition, God/religion, and betrayal), any of the themes could be used to analyze Antigone. Another great way to examine a text in an essay is through character analysis.