Texas resumed executions in Sister Helen Prejean Dead Man Walking joins this hideous chorus, proclaiming that " m iddle-class and upper middle-class white people Clearly, these statements reveal only their prejudice. And there is, of course, no excuse for anyone that commits capital murder. Stevenson and Prejean do hereby reflect either their unbelievable ignorance or their willful and foul deception.
Based on their active involvement in the death penalty debate, both Stevenson and Prejean should must? In fact, statistics indicate that wealthy capital murderers may be more likely to be executed.
Furthermore, whites who kill whites are slightly more likely to be on death row than blacks who kill whites. Finally, whites who kill blacks are slightly more likely to be on death row than blacks who kill whites. Since , there is absolutely no credible evidence to support any other conclusion. Could it be that we just hate white murderers more?
Or that we only care about white capital murder victims? Or should we conclude that the "system" focuses its benevolence toward black murderers, but its racism against black victims? Such perverse conclusions, by opponents, are expected and serve only to further undermine their quickly eroding credibility. Successful capital prosecutions have nothing to do with the race of the victim or of the defendant and everything to do with the nature of the crimes. The most thorough evaluation of this subject was presented in McCleskey v.
Could it be that whites are, overwhelmingly, the victims in death row cases because whites are, overwhelmingly, the victims in capital crimes? What is the ratio of white to black victims under the relevant, but non-homicide circumstances, which, when combined with homicide, become capital crimes?
A The most relevant economic violent crime is robbery with injury, which shows a 4: E In death penalty states, police victim murders are capital crimes. There is a 7: These factors, and others within this section, are consistent with the 6: Yes, but, make no mistake, murder victims and capital murder victims are two very distinct groups.
And only capital murders are relevant to death penalty cases. Capital crimes are very unique, combining murder with specific circumstance, such as subsets A-H. Should we balance the scales of justice and execute equally the killers of blacks and whites?
Only if you wish to increase the number of black murderers executed. The overwhelming majority of black on black murders have mitigating circumstances, thereby reducing the numbers of blacks who might otherwise be executed. First, some of the studies which the GAO included in their analysis included non-capital murders. This certainly impairs the integrity of the results because only capital murders should have been included.
Stephen Klein and John Rolph, "Relationship of Offender and Victim Race to Death Penalty Sentences in California" Jurimetrics Journal, 32, Fall , found that, "After accounting for some of the many factors that may influence penalty decisions, neither race of the defendant nor race of the victim appreciably improved prediction of who was sentenced to death. Fourth, crime statistics show a 4: Such ratios are consistent with the 6: Baldus, Woodward and Pulaski, McCleskey argued that the death penalty was racist.
Owen Forester found that the study's conclusions of racial bias were without merit. In , the 11th Circuit Court of Appeals, by a vote, stated "Viewed broadly, it would seem that the statistical evidence presented here Apparent disparities in sentencing are an inevitable part of our criminal justice system. Opponents falsely contend that this is evidence of racism in the "system". For all violent crimes, there are ten times as many black offenders 2,, involved in white victim violent crimes as there are white offenders , involved in black victim violent crimes, or a The State of Violent Crime in America, pg.
JFA has assumed multiple offenders to be two offenders for calculation purposes. In addition, blacks are nearly three times as likely to murder whites , as whites are to murder blacks , or 3: IF murder rates are statistically consistent within the violent crime category, as McCleskey et al indicate, then blacks are, statistically, by a These are those crimes most eligible for the death penalty.
That statistically projected ratio of The most relevant aggravated crime is robbery with injury, wherein blacks are 21 times more likely to be involved in such crimes as are whites. IF overall murder statistics are consistent, within this crime category, as McCleskey et al suggests, then there is a This is a deserved reputation, particularly in the South. Blacks have suffered some years of slavery and blatantly racist criminal justice practices. From the practices of punishing blacks, who rape whites, with death and whites, who rape blacks, with a slap on the wrist, to the three trials needed to convict Byron de la Beckwith for the murder of civil rights leader Medgar Evers, generations of black Americans cannot and must not forget.
From , white murderers were more likely to be executed than black murderers This trend continues today. BJS, Prisoners in Researchers find a close relationship between the racial distribution in arrest and prison statistics and the race of offenders as described by crime victims.
In other words, according to the reports from victims, racial groups are represented in prison according to their involvement in criminal activity. Prison Populations, ; M. Drawing only on personal knowledge, we found that since , in Texas, alone, at least seven middle class to wealthy murderers have been put on death row.
Three additional await execution. Extensive, objective research would, undoubtedly, reveal many more. Because financial need can be excluded, the category of wealthy capital murderer can be assumed to murder at a rate 10 times less than their poorer ilk.
Therefore, the projected number of wealthy executed from is 2 , or 12 million x. The ratio of men to women on death row and executed is Men committed , rapes, robberies and burglaries, women 47, or a From , men committed 7 times as many murders as women, or 7: Therefore, it may be statistically predictable that men are, by a Women appear to be on death row in numbers that would be expected.
However, one would expect that 5 women would have been executed since , when only 1 has been executed. Predictably, these pronouncements may be entirely false. Cost of Life Without Parole: Opponents ludicrously claim that the death penalty costs, over time, times more than LWOP.
A very conservative estimate. A very high estimate. One could make the same assumptions regarding those on death row. The difference is that death row inmates will average 6 years incarceration vs. We believe this cost estimate is very low. Some anti-death penalty groups speculate that such time may actually become only 4 years. However, the average time on death row, for those executed from , was 8 years Capital Punishment , BJS, Therefore, 6 years seems more likely.
The reader stated that we should "present value" all the costs of both a life sentence and the death penalty and that, if we do so, a life sentence is cheaper than a death sentence. Using the numbers in our analysis, such is a good point. Another common argument given in favour of death penalty is an economical consideration. Comparisons differ depending on the bias of the people carrying out the comparison. However, these extra expenses have to be diminished through increasing the cost-efficiency of the legal system, and society that is spending huge amounts on legal services would benefit from such a reform.
Just considering the cost of keeping a year-old inmate incarcerated till the end of one's life is startling and endorses the view that society has to select death penalty as a cheaper option. Opponents of death penalty have given a number of arguments to support their position. In the first place, it is opposed by people on religious grounds.
Representatives of various religious groups claim that only God can take a human life and human being are then not sanctioned to kill each other. However, in the Hebrew Scriptures there is evidence that Jews applied death penalty to criminals for selected types of crime. The couple was killed for lying about the size of the proceeds from the sale of a house in an effort to conceal part of their income.
Proceeding to the Christian Scriptures, one finds some evidence that was said to be indicative of Christ's opposition to death penalty questionable. Thus, there is a renowned episode with the female sinner John 8: Jesus was not in fact censuring the right to kill the woman according to the ancient law. Besides, there is evidence suggesting that this passage was not present in the original version of the Scripture and was later added by an unknown person Religious Tolerance.
Besides, the passage from Matthew 5: But I say unto you, That whosoever is angry with his brother without a cause shall be in danger of the judgment Thus, Christian intolerance of death penalty appears doubtful. To negate death first of all would mean the moratorium on wars that take lives of more people than death penalty.
The war casualties are often innocent peaceful people who just happened to be caught in the cross-fire, unlike recidivist criminals who end up on death row. Yet most Christian states prepare military doctrines and demonstrate to each other readiness to employ their military machine to kill people if necessary.
Still others are practicing war if it suits their political goals. How significantly will then abolition of death penalty forward the goal of living a Christian life? The same argument applies to the anti-death penalty claim that the legal system should not be allowed to execute because there is a possibility of a legal mistake that will result in the death of a wrong person NCWC.
On these grounds, wars have to be forbidden in the first place since they keep killing people that are not to blame at all.
They either do their best fighting for their motherland in expectation of a heroic death or just, as mentioned before, get caught in cross-fire. Thus, any nation that does not exclude a war should not exclude death penalty that is a much more balanced mechanism.
Besides, the legal system is unfortunately prone to mistakes, as are all social institutions, but this does not mean that they should not be used to carry out their functions. Most other penalties like imprisonment take a heavy toll on human life, yet they are applied to criminals, even if there is a threat of ruining a person's life by mistake.
Besides, returning to the incident in Alabama in the previous section, a person dying at the hands of an acknowledged murderer in prison is also a fatal mistake of the legal system. If the system rightfully recognized the capacity to continue killing in the criminal, his final victim would have saved his life.
First, it is still preserved in many nations including the US that fits into many criteria of a civilized country.
Besides, quite a few nations that have it in their penal codes like Saudi Arabia, Iran, Iraq, Nigeria, Pakistan, Barbado, Bangladesh enjoy a relatively low crime rate. This underscores that death penalty adequately serves the main purpose of the legal system: There are many more issues that can be considered with regard to death penalty.
One can evaluate the racist argument, for instance, claiming that death penalty is more often imposed on Afro-Americans than European Americans and see how it relates to crime rate in the two groups. Besides, ethical perspectives on this issue can be diverse and supported by many different theories.
With the arguments presented above, however, it seems clear that there are many valid reasons in support of death penalty. On the contrary, anti-death penalty arguments need to be assessed critically, as, for instance, the religious argument. Further research into the topic is necessary, with more authoritative studies on the deterrent effect of death penalty on the criminal rates, tracing various states in the US as well as evidence from other nations.
It would also be interesting to examine the historical background of nations that have both capital punishment in their law codes and extremely low crime rate to see how death penalty affects crime rates. On the more practical level, it is my deepest belief that currently capital punishment has to be preserved in order to protect potential victims.
Any consideration of the crime rate cancellation would become viable if the crime rate at least for murders goes sharply down.
At present, however, capital punishment serves as an important barrier on the way of criminals ready to take another person's life. North Carolina Weslyan College. All Points Of View. Journal of Legal Studies, vol. Is Capital Punishment Morally Required?
The wasted money could have easily been spent elsewhere if the death penalty was not still a punishment option for the state, which is especially significant considering the harsh economic time that our nation finds itself in. These are just some examples of how the outlawing of the death penalty can be quite beneficial to a state and the nation as a whole. As one can plainly see, the benefits financially to a state that outlaws the death penalty seem to far outweigh the reasons for keeping this outdated, extreme form of punishment.
There is one last item to consider in the case of allowing or disbanding the death penalty, and that is the trend that the rest of the world is following.
As a world leader, the United States has an obligation to set a standard that the rest of the world can aspire towards. As reported by the Huffington post, the United States is one of only one tenth of the countries of the world that still carries out state executions, and further, the United States is the only Western democracy to still keep this form of punishment Huffington Post.
Some of the other nations that still practice the death penalty includes: These are nations that, for the greater part, the United States would not like to be associated with. However, the United States has drawn lots of criticism over the use of the death penalty. Many of these nations are ruled by a powerful and brutal dictatorship, and the United States would like to really create separation between their form of government and that of our own.
By abolishing the death penalty, the United States will join the ranks of the greater part of the civilized world that does not allow the use of this form of punishment. As a leader of the free world, it is the responsibility of this nation to take a standpoint that shows the rest of the world that this nation has taken a committed stance against the use of one of the most savage form of punishment.
This obligation remains to be one of the most important moral issues that faces the nation on a global stage, especially given that capital punishment is included in the constitution for crimes such as treason. Taking a look at the major reasons for abolishing the death penalty should leave no rational individual in a position where they feel that this type of punishment is still a viable option for the American Justice System.
Modern society has moved away from the days of childish revenge and retaliation tactics and our judicial system should reflect that. The concept of capital punishment is a prime example of such a punishment. Moreover, the arguments laid out show that the death penalty is not viable by addressing three major areas: Additionally, the attention that the United States receives for allowing this barbaric form of punishment on a world stage is not desirable. The nation is grouped with some of the most brutal dictatorships in the world in terms of allowing and continuing to permit the use of capital punishment on criminals.
Based on these rationales, the United States of America should move to abolish the use of the death penalty from the justice system thereby reinforcing the ideology that humanity has risen to a point where the use of murder to punish murder is not only ill conceived but that it no longer has any place in the world. Donohue, John, and Justin Wolfers.
Tabak, Ronald, and Mark J. Saving Lives and Money. This blog post is provided free of charge and we encourage you to use it for your research and writing. However, we do require that you cite it properly using the citation provided below in MLA format. Ultius Blog, 24 Sep. Click here for more help with MLA citations. Essay on the Death Penalty. Click here for more help with APA citations. Click here for more help with CMS citations.
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This assignment instructed students to write a persuasive essay which argues for a specific viewpoint or a specific action to be taken on a societal issue. I argued for a specific stance to be taken on the issue of the death penalty. The audience for this essay is the opinion section of the.
The Death Penalty - The death penalty continues to be an issue of controversy and is an issue that will be debated in the United States for many years to come.
This is a very long document. Please allow the page to load completely. DEATH PENALTY AND SENTENCING INFORMATION In the United States 10/1/ There are vast differences in the way people view the death penalty. Some oppose it and some agree with it. There have been many studies trying to prove or.
English Task –Argumentative Essay The Death Penalty The argument of whether the death penalty is effective is an age-old and contentious issue. Keywords: death penalty debate, death penalty argument. The death penalty is the ultimate punishment. There is no harsher punishment than death itself. Currently fifty-eight nations practice the death penalty. Our nation, the United States of America, is one of the fifty-eight nations that practice the death penalty.