Each time I have learned something new. The one thing I love, you take everything apart and give examples. Thanks so much for the great courses. Thank you for offering a basic, no nonsense basic poetry course at a reasonable price. I have learnt so much. I am sure I will go back frequently to review them for reference during many of my future writing projects. It's been really helpful and well-explained. I look forward to any more courses you run.
Francis thanked brave people bringing aid to those driven from their homes. He confidently expects an effective solution to stop those crimes and return the area to the rule of law   and, in a break with Vatican tradition, supports the use of force to stop Islamic militants from attacking religious minorities in Iraq.
Mark in Alexandria and the Church of St. George in Tanta , killing at least 40 people and injuring dozens more, Pope Francis said "We pray for the victims of the attack carried out today, this morning, in Cairo, in a Coptic church.
Pope Francis condemned the persecution of Rohingya Muslims in Myanmar. Pope Francis said, "Sad news has reached us of the persecution of our Rohingya brothers and sisters, a religious minority.
I would like to express my full closeness to them — and let all of us ask the Lord to save them, and to raise up men and women of good will to help them, who shall give them their full rights". In , Pope Francis proposed the abolition of both capital punishment and life imprisonment in a meeting with representatives of the International Association of Penal Law , suggesting that states should find another way to protect people from aggression, and includes deaths caused by police brutality and extrajudicial punishment.
He cited the "traditional teaching of the church" that accepted the death penalty in cases when there are no other options to protect the people in line with the Catechism as adapted by John Paul II in , but considered that nowadays such cases may be minimal or even nonexistent.
He also stated that life imprisonment, recently removed from the Vatican penal code, was just a variation of the death penalty. In October , during the above-mentioned interview with Eugenio Scalfari, Francis said: Today, we have the ecumenism of blood. In some countries they kill Christians because they wear a cross or have a Bible, and before killing them they don't ask if they're Anglicans, Lutherans, Catholics or Orthodox. The blood is mixed.
And that blood of martyrdom unites. Today, dear brothers and sisters, we are living an 'ecumenism of blood'. This must encourage us to do what we are doing today: The Pope called for Catholics and Independent Catholics to "persevere in dialogue and to walk, pray and work together in a deeper spirit of conversion" and said there are "many areas in which Catholics and Old Catholics can collaborate in tackling the profound spiritual crisis affecting individuals and societies, especially in Europe.
Bergoglio is recognized for his efforts "to further close the nearly 1,year estrangement with the Eastern Orthodox Churches ".
Bergoglio's positive relationship with the Eastern Orthodox Churches is reflected in the fact that Patriarch Bartholomew I of Constantinople attended his installation.
This was reported as the first such high-level meeting between the two churches since the Great Schism of This historic event appears to be the first time that the three Christian popes and the ecumenical patriarch have met together. Pope Francis also acknowledged the two churches shared beliefs in the Trinity, the divinity of Christ, Marian devotion, apostolic traditions, and the seven sacraments.
The Pope said, "we are able even now to make visible the communion uniting us. Peter the Apostle had preached. They also expressed an eagerness to celebrate Easter on a common date, as Catholics and Oriental Orthodox have separate days for Easter.
The Pope also gave thanks for the relationship between the Catholic Church and the Armenian Apostolic Church and the steps they have taken "for the sake of coming to share fully in the Eucharistic banquet.
In February , the Pope met with Coptic bishops at the Vatican to discuss the violence against and persecution of Christians in the Middle East. Gregory Venables , Anglican Bishop of Argentina and former Primate of the Anglican Church of the Southern Cone of America , said that Cardinal Bergoglio had told him very clearly that the personal ordinariates established within the Catholic Church for groups of former Anglicans was "quite unnecessary" and that the Catholic Church needed Anglicans as Anglicans.
A spokesman for the ordinariates said the words were those of Venables, not the Pope. The Roman Pontiff said that they both shared the same concerns for social justice, peace and the promotion of Christian values, in matters like marriage.
It was presented during Archbishop Beach's enthronement, which took place at the Church of the Apostles in Atlanta , Georgia , on 9 October This event opened the th year [h] since the Reformation began with Martin Luther posting his Ninety-Five Theses in Wittenberg in He celebrated an ecumenical liturgy together with the president of the Lutheran World Federation Bishop Dr.
Pope Francis expressed his shared desire with leaders of the Church of Sweden to achieve full communion, but said more ecumenical work needed to be done in order to work towards communion. The pope said that "Catholics and Salvationists, together with other Christians, recognise that those in need have a special place in God's heart", as a result they often "meet at the same peripheries of society".
During his papal visit to the Philippines in , the Pope met with Chief Justice Reynato Puno , a United Methodist layman, along with nine other religious leaders and peace advocates to discuss humanitarian relief.
Evangelical Christian leaders, including Argentine Luis Palau , welcomed the news of Bergoglio's election as Pope based on his relations with Evangelical Protestants , noting that Bergoglio's financial manager for the Archdiocese of Buenos Aires was an Evangelical Christian whom Bergoglio refers to as a friend.
He knelt in front of nearly 6, people, and [the Protestant leaders there] laid hands and prayed. Other Evangelical Christian leaders agreed that Bergoglio's relationships in Argentina made him "situated to better understand Protestantism" than had his predecessor Pope Benedict, "who often referred to Protestantism as a 'sect' of Christianity".
In November , three top Mormon leaders attended the Vatican's "Humanum: Eyring , and L. Tom Perry , a member of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles. Catholic and Mormon leaders reaffirmed their shared beliefs in the centrality of marriage and families in society. Eyring, who was one of the 30 speakers chosen for the event.
Bergoglio has written about his commitment to open and respectful interfaith dialogue as a way for all parties engaged in that dialogue to learn from one another. Dialogue is born from an attitude of respect for the other person, from a conviction that the other person has something good to say. It assumes that there is room in the heart for the person's point of view, opinion, and proposal. Dialogue entails a cordial reception, not a prior condemnation. In order to dialogue it is necessary to know how to lower the defenses, open the doors of the house, and offer human warmth.
Religious leaders in Buenos Aires have mentioned that Bergoglio promoted interfaith ceremonies at the Buenos Aires Metropolitan Cathedral. Shortly after his election, the pope called for more interreligious dialogue as a way of "building bridges" and establishing "true links of friendship between all people".
On 24 May , Pope Francis arrived in Jordan , at the start of a tour of the Middle East, "aiming to boost ties with Muslims and Jews as well as easing an age-old rift within Christianity". In a survey, Francis was viewed favourably by almost two thirds of Jews, as well as majorities of Protestants and the irreligious; minorities of Buddhists and Muslims had favourable views of him.
Bergoglio has close ties to the Jewish community of Argentina , and attended Rosh Hashanah Jewish new year services in at a synagogue in Buenos Aires. He told the Jewish congregation during his visit that he went to the synagogue to examine his heart, "like a pilgrim, together with you, my elder brothers". Jewish community leaders around the world noted that his words and actions "showed solidarity with the Jewish community" in the aftermath of this attack.
Singer noted that he was impressed with Bergoglio's modesty, remembering that "if everyone sat in chairs with handles [arms], he would sit in the one without. Abraham Skorka , the rector of the Latin-American Rabbinical Seminary in Buenos Aires, and Bergoglio published their conversations on religious and philosophical subjects as Sobre el cielo y la tierra On Heaven and Earth.
One of the pope's first official actions was writing a letter to Rabbi Riccardo Di Segni , the Chief Rabbi of Rome, inviting him to the papal installation and sharing his hope of collaboration between the Catholic and Jewish communities. Francis had a warm relationship with Israeli President Shimon Peres , who visited the pope in April and invited him to Israel.
Muslim leaders in Buenos Aires welcomed the news of Bergoglio's election as pope, noting that he "always showed himself as a friend of the Islamic community", and a person whose position is "pro-dialogue". According to them, Bergoglio immediately distanced himself from Benedict's language and said that statements which provoked outrage with Muslims would "serve to destroy in 20 seconds the careful construction of a relationship with Islam that Pope John Paul II built over the last 20 years.
Bergoglio visited both a mosque and an Islamic school in Argentina; visits that the Director for the Diffusion of Islam, Sheik Mohsen Ali, called actions that strengthened the relationship between the Catholic and Islamic communities. Shortly after his election, in a meeting with ambassadors from the countries accredited with the Holy See, Pope Francis called for more interreligious dialogue—"particularly with Islam". In the aftermath of the Normandy church attack , whereby two Islamic terrorists affiliated with ISIS murdered the year-old Catholic priest Jacques Hamel by slitting his throat, Bergoglio made public statements saying, "It's not right to identify Islam with violence.
It's not right and it's not true [ Vatican officials assured the press and Buddhist leaders that Pope Francis held the Dalai Lama "in very high regard", but was concerned that the meeting of the two spiritual leaders could jeopardize the Vatican's efforts to improve their relationship with China. In January during the papal visit to Sri Lanka , Pope Francis made an unscheduled stop at a Buddhist temple in Colombo where he was shown sacred Buddhist relics that are normally only viewed once a year, and listened to singing and devotional music.
Pope Francis attended the meeting, where he spoke in favor of Buddhists and Catholics working together to address social problems.
Speaking to journalists and media employees on 16 March , Pope Francis said he would bless everyone silently, "given that many of you do not belong to the Catholic Church, and others are not believers. They are our valued allies in the commitment to defending human dignity, in building a peaceful coexistence between peoples and in safeguarding and caring for creation.
Some atheists hoped Francis would prove to be progressive on issues like poverty and social inequality,  while others were more skeptical that he would be "interested in a partnership of equals".
Francis said God "has redeemed all of us, all of us, with the Blood of Christ: Olson said Francis's words were fundamental Christian teaching dating back to the Apostle Paul  and Fr. Dwight Longenecker wrote, "Unfortunately for those who wish to paint Pope Francis as a lovable liberal, in fact, the Pope is simply affirming certain truths that any somewhat knowledgable Catholic will uphold. In September , Francis wrote a letter to Italian journalist Eugenio Scalfari, saying non-believers would be forgiven by God if they followed their consciences.
Responding to a list of questions published in his newspaper by Scalfari, who is not a Catholic, Francis wrote: Given the premise, and this is fundamental, that the mercy of God is limitless for those who turn to him with a sincere and contrite heart, the issue for the unbeliever lies in obeying his or her conscience. Since , criticisms against Pope Francis intensified, particularly by theological conservatives. The resistance against Francis' agenda and personality has become "unique in its visibility" in recent Church history.
In , Pope Francis was criticized for supporting Chilean bishop Juan Barros, who was accused over covering up sex-crimes against minors. The pope apologized at length for child sex abuse. Despite this there were widespread calls for stronger action against abusers rather than just words.
For example Australian, Melbourne's 7 News television broadcasts combined Pope Francis' declaration of shame at the "Catholic Church's failure to address decades of 'repugnant' sexual abuse by paedophile priests", with films of Taoiseach Leo Varadkar 's speech and shots of protests.
Critics suggested that Francis might be holding back out of ideological sympathy for Maduro and his left-wing allies, such as Evo Morales. On a theological level, controversy arose after the publication of the apostolic exhortation Amoris laetitia. Francis declined to answer—a move which British Cardinal Vincent Nichols characterized as "absolutely right," noting that "to enter into that field is actually to step back from the very thing he wants to help us understand, that we have to respond to people and help them in their journey to God and to do so is not simply to apply a law.
In July a group of conservative clergy, academics and laymen signed a document labeled as a " Filial Correction " of Pope Francis. Gregory the Great Pontifical Order that Liliane Ploumen, then Minister for Development received in June , during the visit of the Dutch Royals to the Holy Father, is part of the diplomatic praxis of the exchange of decorations among delegations during official visits between heads of state and government to the Vatican..
In August of , forty five Catholic scholars, and clergy signed an appeal to the cardinals of the Catholic Church, calling on them to advise Pope Francis to retract the recent revision made to the Catechism ,  on the grounds that its appearance of contradicting scripture and traditional teaching is causing scandal.
It was said that to teach capital punishment is always and intrinsically evil would contradict Holy Scripture and what the Church has always taught for over two thousand years. The Church has always maintained that Scripture cannot teach moral error. This would cast much doubt on the reliability of Scripture and the Magisterium.
Since , Francis has also been contrasted with US President Donald Trump ,  elected that year, with some conservative critics drawing comparisons between the two. This is not the gospel. Pope Francis played a key role in the talks toward restoring full diplomatic relations between the U.
The restoration was jointly announced by U. After the meeting in Vatican City on 10 May , Castro said that he is considering returning to the Catholic Church. I am not joking. According to a New York Times report, a Vatican spokesman said "Pope Francis obviously holds the Dalai Lama in very high regard, but he will not be meeting any of the Nobel [Peace] laureates. In May , his visit to the State of Israel , where he delivered 13 speeches, was heavily publicized.
Several media outlets reported that Francis praised Abbas as "an angel of peace", though his actual words were the following: I thought about you: Abbas's visit was on the occasion of the canonization of two Palestinian nuns. He urged peace during his time in the religiously diverse city, known as the "Jerusalem of Europe". There the three Christian leaders signed a joint declaration. Pope Francis visited Ireland in , in what was the first papal tour of the country since John Paul II's historic trip in The Order is currently under Vatican control until another Prince is appointed.
On 24 May , Pope Francis met with U. Trump and the Pope discussed issues of mutual concern including how religious communities can combat human suffering in crisis regions, such as Syria , Libya , and ISIS -controlled territory. Trump and Pope Francis also discussed terrorism and the radicalization of young people. The Vatican's secretary of state , Pietro Parolin , raised the issue of climate change in the meeting and encouraged Trump to remain in the Paris Agreement.
Popular mainstream media frequently portray Pope Francis either as a progressive papal reformer or with liberal , moderate values. His trip to Cuba is a prime example. During this trip, American-based AP and British-based Reuters highlighted the religious aspect of the pope's journey while Prensa Latina, the official state media agency, depicted it as a diplomatic visit. American and British media were also more likely during this trip to show Francis interacting with regular Cubans compared to the official Cuban media, which showed Francis interacting with elites most often.
In December , both Time and The Advocate magazines named the Pontiff as their "Person of the Year" in praise and hopes of reforming the Roman Curia while hoping to change the Catholic Church's doctrine on various controversial issues.
In addition, Esquire magazine named him as the "Best-dressed man" for for his simpler vestments often in tune with a modern simplistic design on sartorial fashion.
Pope Francis presided over his first joint public wedding ceremony in a Nuptial Mass for 20 couples from the Archdiocese of Rome on 14 September , just a few weeks before the start of 5—19 October Extraordinary Synod of Bishops on the Family.
To date, there are two biographical films about Pope Francis: He broke records after having gained over one million followers in under twelve hours of the account being up. On 8 January at a ceremony commemorating the Baptism of Jesus at the Sistine Chapel in which twenty-eight infants were to be baptized, Pope Francis reiterated support for mothers to breastfeed their children in public , even in sacred places.
In July Pope Francis reiterated the position of the Church that bread to be used in the eucharist for the transsubstantiation into the Body of Christ should not be glutenfree. Holy Father is another honorific often used for popes. The best-known title, that of "Pope", does not appear in the official list of titles, but is commonly used in the titles of documents, and appears, in abbreviated form, in their signatures as "PP.
It is customary when referring to popes to translate the regnal name into local languages. In the oratorio, Pope Franziskus suggests a bridge from the crucifixion scene on Golgotha to the suffering of the present. He emphasizes the female talent and the importance of the charism of women for church and society. The texts of the encyclical Laudato si' and Evangelii gaudium were used.
The motto of the Extraordinary Jubilee of Mercy also plays a central role. It includes extensive sections of interviews as well as stock footage from archives. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Cardinal Jorge Mario Bergoglio. This article may be too long to read and navigate comfortably. The readable prose size is kilobytes. Please consider splitting content into sub-articles, condensing it, or adding or removing subheadings.
Peter's Basilica , Vatican City. Trinity Father Son Holy Spirit. Natural law Catholic ethics Personalism Social teaching Philosophers. Liturgy Mass Divine Office Liturgical year. Prayer Devotions Bible Biblical canon. Gallican Ambrosian Braga Mozarabic. Chaldean East Syriac Syro-Malabar.
Ordination history of Pope Francis. Bishops consecrated by Pope Francis as principal consecrator. Coat of arms of Pope Francis. The gold star represents the Virgin Mary , the grape-like plant—the spikenard —is associated with Saint Joseph and the IHS is the symbol of the Jesuits   . Papal conclave, and Papal inauguration of Pope Francis. Cardinals created by Francis. Extraordinary Jubilee of Mercy.
Theology of Pope Francis. Emblem of the Holy See. Divini redemptoris Mit brennender Sorge Non abbiamo bisogno Quadragesimo anno. Mater et magistra Pacem in terris. Dignitatis humanae Gaudium et spes. Octogesima adveniens Populorum progressio. Pope John Paul II. Laborem exercens Sollicitudo rei socialis Centesimus annus Evangelium vitae. Evangelii Gaudium Laudato si'. Christian views on environmentalism. Christian views on poverty and wealth.
Catholic Church and abortion. Catholic Church doctrine on the ordination of women. Pope Francis and homosexuality. Homosexuality and the Catholic Church. List of places and things named after Pope Francis. Papal coats of arms. According to Vatican Radio: The motto is one Francis used as bishop. It is taken from the homilies of the Venerable Bede on Saint Matthew's Gospel relating to his vocation: Archived from the original on 5 July Retrieved 19 March The Church in Malta.
Archived from the original PDF on 22 November Retrieved 24 March Retrieved 18 July Retrieved 13 March Retrieved 14 March It is because of fascism that our father emigrated". Retrieved 18 March Retrieved 22 April Retrieved 4 October Pope asks prayers after great nephews, their mother die in car crash". Archived from the original on 19 August Retrieved 15 March Retrieved 17 March I was once a bar bouncer". Retrieved 3 December Retrieved 27 December Retrieved 15 May Retrieved 8 May Archived from the original on 18 March Retrieved 6 May Philosophisch-Theologische Hochschule Sankt Georgen.
Zu einem Abschluss in Sankt Georgen ist es nicht gekommen. Retrieved 20 March Religious Information Service of Ukraine. Retrieved 29 October A Reply to Frank Brennan". Titular See of Auca, Spain. Retrieved 16 March Archived from the original on 16 March Retrieved 23 June Retrieved 8 November Servant of the Servants of God".
Luro talked to me at length about her friend, of whom she has the highest opinion, and told me how she would write to him almost weekly, and he would always reply by ringing her up and having a short chat. When Podesta was dying, Bergoglio was the only Catholic cleric who went to visit him in hospital, and, when he died, the only one who showed public recognition of his great contribution to the Argentinian church.
Retrieved 22 March Archived from the original on 4 April Retrieved 21 March Archived from the original on 19 February Retrieved 14 April Holy See Press Office. New pope, Jesuit Bergoglio, was runner-up in conclave". New York Daily News. Archived from the original on 1 October Archived from the original on 28 September Article gives numbers for the four votes; Ratzinger had most votes, followed by Bergoglio.
La Stampa in Italian. Retrieved 30 January Archived from the original on 21 March Retrieved 23 March The New York Times. Bergoglio—who ran Argentina's Jesuit order during the dictatorship—told Rubin that he regularly hid people on church property during the dictatorship, and once gave his identity papers to a man with similar features, enabling him to escape across the border.
A look at the life of the first South American pontiff". German Jesuit Web site. El Papa del fin del mundo in Spanish. Archived from the original on 18 May Archived from the original on 26 May Retrieved 11 February Archived from the original on 1 July Retrieved 28 May Argentina's Kirchner and Pope Francis meet in Rome". Retrieved 26 March John the Baptist of doubting Christ was the Messiah! Christmas Address to Curia More of the Same: Francis in New Interview: Francis weighs in a little bit!
Francis and the Development of Doctrine Francis: Francis plays both Sides Francis: Bergoglio and the Death Penalty Francis in Paul had known this: Bergoglio and Our Lady of Fatima Francis: Fellay at Vatican Francis: No Catholic Mass available?
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