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Pyramids and mummies

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What are pyramids and mummies?

When Snefru was pharaoh, builders tried to get a smoother shape and made a pyramid that started out at one angle then sloped to another angle at the top, looking a bit bent — this is called the Bent Pyramid.

Snefru had another pyramid built that did have smooth, perfectly angled sides — this is called the Red Pyramid. The Great Pyramids were built like that one.

The Egyptians believed in many different gods that oversaw different parts of life. The also believed that when people died, they would enter the afterlife. This involved travelling through the underworld to get to Osiris, who was the king of the underworld.

Because of this, they thought the body should be in as good condition as possible — they believed that the soul still needed the body in the afterlife. They realised that bodies buried without any covering in the dry, salty sand were better preserved than those buried in closed coffins. From there, they began to drying out bodies before it was buried by using a type of salt called natron. To prepare for the drying stage, the brain would be removed by inserting a hook in the nose, and organs would be taken out of the body and placed in jars.

These were called canopic jars, and each one had a different top and a special purpose:. It took 40 days to dry out the body using natron. Then, it would be wrapped in lots and lots of linen strips, using resin to hold the strips in place. Sometimes a mummy mask would be placed on the head, over the linen wrappings, and then the mummy would be put inside a wooden coffin, and maybe even a stone one as well an Egyptian coffin is also called a sarcophagus.

The coffin was painted in bright colours, with hieroglyphics on it that were meant to help the person in the afterlife. The underworld could be a dangerous place, with many obstacles that would stop you from reaching Osiris. Because of this, people were buried with specially written spells to help them combat some of these things.

Mummies also had amulets — good luck charms — to protect them on their journey. Mummies were buried with scrolls called the Book of the Dead , which explained how to go through the underworld and what spells and chants to use. The Book of the Dead was sometimes written on tomb walls too, and some scrolls had pictures.

Scribes would write copies of the Book of the Dead on papyrus. Tomb robbing was common, so sometimes pyramids would be built with false entrances to keep the real entrance hidden. Queen Hatshepsut — She was one of the first female pharaohs, and very successful. He is one of the most well-known pharaohs since his tomb was discovered in in the Valley of the Kings. She killed herself when she knew the Romans were going to conquer Egypt in 30 BC.

Access thousands of brilliant resources to help your child be the best they can be. What are pyramids and mummies? When people died, they were mummified — this process took a long time, but it prepared them for the afterlife. The Egyptians believed that there were many gods who oversaw different parts of life on earth and life after death.

It was important that someone was able to reach the afterlife and the god Osiris, so mummification was taken very seriously. During the mummification process, the internal organs were put into containers called canopic jars. The pharaohs — the kings and queens of Egypt — were thought to be gods themselves. Some were buried in elaborate tombs called pyramids, though some were buried in underground tombs in the Valley of the Kings. The pyramids at Giza are the biggest that we can see today , but we have found around 80 pyramids from Ancient Egypt.

Pyramids took a long time to build, so work would start on them while the pharaoh was still alive. The Egyptians used their knowledge of maths to build pyramids that were shaped well and positioned properly. Inside pyramids, there were different chambers that held things the king would need in the afterlife. We learned about how mummies were made, and what Egyptians believed about the afterlife because of discoveries by archaeologists.

Pyramids started to be built. The Great pyramid of Giza was built. The pyramids in Giza were built, as well as the sphinx. Mummies of pharaohs were buried in the Valley of the Kings. The Nile also provided the ancient Egyptians with fertile land which helped them to grow their crops and raise their animals.

Before modern dams were built the river Nile would flood each year coating the land on either side of the river with thick back mud. This mud was ideal for growing crops on. Two separate kingdoms ruled by different kings developed along the Nile River. The kingdom in Upper Egypt was known as the white crown and the kingdom in Lower Egypt was called the red crown. In about B. The pharaoh's name was King Narmer or Menes. Menes built a new capital city called Memphis.

Follow me on Twitter mbarrow. I teach computers at The Granville School and St. John's Primary School in Sevenoaks Kent. This site uses cookies. See our Cookie Policy for information. You may not redistribute, sell or place the content of this page on any other website or blog without written permission from the author Mandy Barrow. Ancient Egypt by Mandy Barrow. Egypt in the Christian bible A good portion of the Old testament takes place in or around Egypt.

Where in the world is Egypt? Egypt is situated in the northeast corner of the Africa. Where did the Ancient Egyptians live? Where do most people in Egypt live today?

Who were the Egyptians?

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The story of ancient Egypt has survived for thousands of years. Egypt was one of the greatest civilizations of the past. The monuments and tombs of their Pharaohs .

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The Egyptians settled in northeast Africa, and that’s where the country of Egypt is today. They lived in a very dry area, but they got water from the Nile River (the longest river in the world!) so they could grow crops.

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What are pyramids and mummies? When people in Egypt died, they were mummified – this was a long process of preserving the body, and designing a coffin with painted pictures and writing. When the pharaohs (kings and queens) of Egypt died, they were mummified and buried in large stone pyramids. The Egyptians were advanced in medicine for their time but I don't think you would like to try these cures! Daily Life, Food, Animals, Clothes What Was An Egyptian's Life Like?

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ancient egyptians homework help ancientis an on-line marketplace for homework assistance and tutoring. You can ask homework Step-By-Step Homework Assistance. The Egyptian writing called hieroglyphics used pictures to represent different objects, actions, sound or ideas. There were more than .