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Data Collection According to Basic Tools for Process Improvement, Data Collection, data collection is obtaining useful information on key quality characteristics produced by your process. Data Collection enables a team to formulate and test working assumptions about a process and develop information that will lead to the improvement of the key quality characteristics of the product or service. In summary, data collection helps to establish a factual basis to making a decision. For one to collect data uniformly, you will need to develop a data collection plan.
The data collection plan developed should answer the following question: Why do we want the data? What will we do with the data after we have collected them? You must decide on a purpose for collecting the data 2.
Where will we collect data? The location where data are collected must be identified clearly. What type of data will we collect? In general, data can be classified into two major types: Who will collect the data? Those closest to the data, the process workers, should collect the data 5. How do we collect the right data? Collect data that best describe the situation at hand. Data analysis Eisenhardt, explains that analysis is an interactive process started with the development and presentation of an initial set of theoretical propositions based on evidence from the first phase of data collection, during field work and the theoretical assumptions associated with the theoretical framework.
According to Kothari, the term analysis refers to the computation of certain measures along with searching for patterns of relationships that exist among data-groups. The process operations in data analysis are: Hypothesis Testing Hypothesis testing refers to the formal procedures used by statisticians to accept or reject statistical hypotheses What is Hypothesis Testing, Statisticians follow a formal process to determine whether to reject a null hypothesis, based on sample data Statistics and Probability Dictionary, This process is called hypothesis testing.
An hypothesis test consists of four steps. This involves stating the null and alternative hypotheses. The hypotheses are stated in such a way that they are mutually exclusive.
That is, if one is true, the other must be false; and vice versa. This involves specifying the statistics e. A decision rule is a procedure that the researcher uses to decide whether to reject the null hypothesis. Use the decision rule to evaluate the test statistic. If the statistic is consistent with the null hypothesis, you cannot reject the null hypothesis; otherwise, reject the null hypothesis.
The task of interpretation has two major aspects viz. Interpretation is considered a basic component of research process because of the following: Through this he can link up his findings with those of other studies, having the same abstract principle, and thereby can predict about the concrete world of events.
Fresh enquiries can test these predictions later on. This way the continuity in research can be maintained. Features of Good report, defines a report as a piece of informative writing that describes a set of actions and analyses any results in response to a specific brief. A quick definition might be: Logical analysis of the subject matter: The logical development is made on the basis of mental connections and associations between the one thing and another by means of analysis.
It contains materials from the simple possible to the most complex structures. Chronological development is based on a connection or sequence in time or occurrence, the directions for doing or making follow the chronological order. Preparation of the final outcome: They are and aid to the logical organisation of the material and a reminder of the points to be stressed in the report c.
Preparation of the rough draft: He will write down the procedure adopted by him in collecting the material for his study along with limitations faced, the technique of analysis adopted, the broad findings and generalizations and the various suggestions he wants to offer regarding the problem concerned.
Rewriting and polishing the rough draft: He should also see whether the material presented as it is presented , has unity and cohesion. Determining the correct essay methodology writing may be difficult for students as they attempt to define and refine their topics and approaches in essay or research paper development. If this basic initial activity is incorrect, it will impact the entire production effort and, ultimately, the grade one receives.
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An overview of Research Methodology Research defines as a scientific and systematic search for pertinent information on a specific topic. In fact, research is an art of scientific investigation.
The following are the systematic analysis of the principles of methods, rules, and postulates employed in research which define methodology: 1. Research Methodology Essay RESEARCH METHODOLOGY A. RESEARCH DESIGN The three main purposes of research are to describe, explain, and validate findings. In order achieve this goal, it is important for me to know not only the research methods necessary for the research under taken but also the methodology. Research methodology is the.
The importance of explaining the methodology in a research paper or an essay is that it imparts clarity. Methodology is just between you and your sources, it is the approach adopted in preparing the paper. Specifically, the chapter discusses the range of methods used by the researcher for the research, research philosophy, research strategy and research methods used to gain data and data analysis. RESEARCH PHILOSOPHY.