One of the major ways a colony can strengthen a nation is by providing it with another economic market. As a result of Industrialization, production was too high for consumer demand in Europe. Jules Ferry wrote an appeal to the French, urging colonization. Meaning that unless there is another market to sell national products to, then employment could decline drastically within the nation and eventually cause revolution. Both an Englishman and a Frenchmen used the same argument in pushing for colonization.
The next incentive for European Colonialism was a need for Raw materials to fuel manufacturing. Many of the nations the Europeans colonized did not have the means for manufacturing goods, but they were able to provide the raw materials. Europe was over developed and no longer had a constant stream of manufacturing materials.
However, other nations who had no means of manufacturing, due to underdevelopment, had bountiful resources that had been left untouched. The industrial revolutions in Europe in the 18th and 19th centuries helped to spur European imperialism.
For example, the production of cotton cloth needed tons of imported raw materials. Europe could not produce or grow these materials though so India grew cotton. However, Europe needed a cheap supply in order to capitalize, which lead to the spread of British control in the region.
A third incentive of European colonialism was nationalism. Europe wanted to prove its superiority by colonizing and being in control of as much land as possible. Nationalism clearly became the principal basis for the organization of western civilization. This fact had earlier been demonstrated in England and in France during the course of their political revolutions.
In this period, it became manifest throughout Europe. Nationalism is the equivalent of American Patriotism and in the same way creates a sense of unification. It appeals to every member of a nation and regardless of race, gender, social class; it was the promise of benefitting the entire nation. There were also several incentives for the U. S to get involved in Latin America. The main focus for the U. S was to keep communism out of the Western Hemisphere. There are several examples of U.
S involvement in Latin America due to the threat of communism. The Bag of Pigs invasion on April 17, was the attempt to remove Fidel Castro, a communist Cuban leader, from presidency.
The Invasion of Grenada on October 25, is another example. S was trying to remove Maurice Bishop, who had came to power with Cuban support, and was constructing a large airstrip designed for Soviet aircraft. There is also the example of Chile and Pinochet. S would have been vulnerable. S got involved in the internal affairs of several countries. The next incentive for American involvement in Latin America was helping Latin American countries maintain independence.
After Latin American countries slowly began to gain independence, the only thing keeping European countries from maintaining them was the Monroe Doctrine. S was now able to enforce it and keep European powers from reclaiming their lost colonies. The Colombian government had negotiated with the US to build a canal to bridge the Atlantic and Pacific oceans, but it fell through.
A separatist movement in Panama ensued, which the US supported. It clearly indicated that America would no longer tolerate any sort of foreign intrusion in the Atlantic region. Thus, the Monroe Doctrine came out during a particular juncture of the American history when it badly needed protection from every sort of foreign aggression and interference prevailing all over the world at that point of time.
The war of is usually regarded as the turning point in the history of the United States. At that time, throughout Europe, some glorious wars of independence were fought and many leaders revolted against the policy of European colonization and guided their country to victory. The Americans soon realized that in order to make the most of their opportunities, it was very much necessary to prevent European interference in the affairs of their continent.
They were determined that the days when the rivalries of the European Powers were fought out on the soil of America should never return. Their detached position should be emphasized and the exploitation of America by the European imperialist powers was required to be prevented by hook or by crook. Thus, President James Monroe in his annual message to the Congress in the year , proclaimed the famous doctrine which has since borne his name.
It also confirmed that the America, in its turn, would not, by any means, interfere in the concerns of the European Powers, nor would carry out political propaganda in Europe. America must be made safe for democracy. Clearly the doctrine can well be regarded as United States first major declaration as a individual and independent entity in the world.
The declaration of the Monroe Doctrine was a matter of paramount importance in the European politics. The imperialist powers rightly realized that they must remain for off from America which now became strong enough to protect its national territory from external onslaught. Naturally, they began to search out new areas for colonial expansion keeping America outside their imperialistic designs.
However, the doctrine was not merely a declaration — it practically inspired the Government to make the country militarily strong to resist any type of foreign aggression. Soon the European countries realized that it was a country to be reckoned with. Particularly after the civil war, its Pan-American venture extended its territory, improved economic condition and enhanced military power.
It, then, began to assert itself in foreign affairs and, naturally, the European powers became sufficiently aware of its strength. Again, America adopted a strong attitude on the Alabama issue against England and secured a monetary compensation.
In , it bought Alaska from Russia which also enhanced its strength. Most significantly, under the cover over of the Monroe Doctrine, America interfered in a boundary dispute between England and Venezuela and forced a settlement by arbitration. In short, it may emphatically be held that the Monroe Doctrine gradually developed America into such a military power that the even erstwhile victors could no longer think of playing the lord over it.
All the European powers soon realized that America was really for the Americans. The doctrine had another effect on the European powers as well. Due to the isolation caused by the Monroe Doctrine, America stopped the imports from the foreign manufacturers, particularly those of Britain. As a result, America began to depend upon its own productions. Thus, the infant industries of the North and the middle states received a great impetus.
Agricultural reforms, along with such industrialization gradually brought about American affluence. But, it meant a tremendous loss of the European states which so long reaped a nice harvest by capturing the American market. Hence, the situation of these European imperialist nations gradually worsen as the American march towards plenty and prosperity begun.
The Monroe Doctrine was surely an important issue in the history of America. It actually marked a splendid turning point in the American foreign policy and internal affairs as well. The positive effects of the Monroe Doctrine are stated hereunder one by one. First, it was practically a warning to all European imperialists and colonial powers to keep away from America. This declaration, thus, served as a warning to all European powers which thereafter remained far away from the American soil.
In this sense, the Monroe Doctrine laid the foundation of American independence and sovereignty. Secondly, this doctrine was also the basis of a new spirit of American nationhood. It is to be remembered that though thirteen separate British colonies in Atlantic had united together to form the American federation in , the sprit of unity and integration was not yet solid. But the Monroe Doctrine laid the key stone of American nationalism and the sense of brotherhood. Sengupta points out, though it was primarily an attempt to resist the European hegemony over America, it slowly but steadily engendered a sprit of Pan-Americanism.
President Monroe actually intended to make America safe for democracy and unity. Naturally, his doctrine was a passionate call to other American areas to be knit together and soon the process actually laid to the formation of the United States of America. In this sense, the Monroe Doctrine was the real signal of the growing American unity. Fourthly, as this doctrine ensured the end of foreign domination, America now found the opportunity to start a whole hearted endeavor towards internal development by rapid industrialization and agrarian reformation.
So, it may rightly be asserted that the process of plenty and prosperity in America began with the bold declaration of this doctrine by President Monroe. It was actually a closed door policy which separated America from Europe. In this sense, President Monroe actually fulfilled the idea which George Washington pledged to maintain.
But according to some critics, the doctrine is like a two edged sword because along with some positive effects, it had some negative sides too. Some of the loop holes, as mentioned by the critics, can be stated as follows:. First, it was subsequently proved to be impracticable. But history proves that the pledge of non-involvement could not be observed in its international affairs.
True that America did not, initially, joined the First World War. But the war situation was becoming gloomy for the Allies, it changed its policy. And finally, after the Pearl Harbor incident, it joined the war against the Axis Power. In fact, its entry in this war practically changed the war situation and American involvement largely contributed to the victory of the Allies. Thus, it unmistakably proves that the Monroe Doctrine of non interference soon became obsolete in the foreign policy of America.
Secondly, the doctrine gradually became a proclamation of imperialism. Some critics point out that as America consolidated its power through the Monroe Doctrine, it adopted a policy of expansionism. Louisiana and East Florida were annexed and the Western Americans began to advance towards the Mexican states of Texas.
The annexation of California also proved to be a remarkable profit for its natural resources. In short, the history following the Monroe declaration was a history of occupation and development of the Western frontier.
Thirdly, it markedly weakened the League of Nations which was set up after the end of the First World War in order to maintain and guarantee international peace and security. Historically, the League was the brain child of Mr. James Monroe grew up as a planter and later became a military officer. His military career was considered unsuccessful by most, his job was to enlist soldiers into the war and his success rate was low. He later served as senator and governor of Virginia and was assigned to duty overseas by President Thomas Jefferson.
He increased his political knowledge by gaining valuable knowledge in his legal profession and while performing as a liaison to foreign countries.
However, along with this knowledge he brought the character traits of honest and integrity, along with respect for the government and for his country.
Combined, President Monroe possessed many attributes which helped to pave the way for his future career as the nation's president. Monroe served for two presidential terms. He led the country with these traits, placing the rights of the people above his own.
John Quincy Adams, worked together to create the Monroe Doctrine. John Quincy Adams played a very important part in the production of the Monroe Doctrine. Very early in his career Mr. Adams, a Harvard graduate, was selected and assigned overseas to diplomatic posts overseas. Many years were spent abroad; Mr. Adams achieved success serving in political assignments. He was elected with the support of the Federalist Party. He later lost their support when he vocalized support for President Thomas Jefferson and his embargo.
John Quincy Adams believed the States should remain neutral and should protect the natural resources; these ideas were very similar to those shared by President Monroe. The Secretary of State's knowledge and philosophies were very instrumental in many political negotiations and in the development of documents and treaties. His career as Secretary of State was considered very successful. One of his great accomplishments other than the Monroe Doctrine was the peace treaty of Ghent.
Adams helped to negotiate the acquisition of land which had previously owned by other countries, to include the purchase of Florida. It was during this term that President Monroe and Secretary of State Adams felt it was in the best interest of the States for the declaration, later to be known as the Monroe Doctrine, to be created. Hoping to stop the advancement of colonization by Europe and the Holy Alliance, the government would issue this doctrine during Monroe's second term.
The declaration announcing the States would not become entangled in or take sides during disputes between other countries would also allow the American country a chance to build a reputation as an independent nation. While others counseled President Monroe during the creation stages of the document, it was the opinion of Mr. Adams on which the president relied. The ideas used were more truly devised by both the president and Mr. They were in agreement that not only should the doctrine include a warning, there would be no future colonization of the States by European countries or the Holy Alliance, but also that there should be no involvement in United States affairs and the United States would not get involved in the affairs of other countries.
John Quincy Adams also had some political motives for implementing the doctrine during the term of President Monroe.
The Monroe Doctrine was never permanently established as law; it was constantly modified to fit the administration's needs. What if the Monroe Doctrine was never reinterpreted by later Presidents? One of the most drastic changes to the Monroe Doctrine was Polk's Manifest Destiny.
Essay title: Monroe Doctrine The Monroe Doctrine was presented by President James Monroe in his annual address to Congress in Essentially its author, John Quincy Adams, who served as Monroe’s Secretary of State, wrote the Doctrine as a proclamation to the United States’ opposition of European colonialism/5(1).
- Monroe Doctrine The Monroe Doctrine can be considered as the United States first major declaration to the world as a fairly new nation. The Monroe Doctrine was a statement of United States policy on the activity and rights of powers in the Western Hemisphere during the early to mid s. Evolution of the Monroe Doctrine Essay Words | 11 Pages. The Monroe Doctrine The foreign policy objectives of the United States have changed drastically throughout the nation’s history. Old ideologies and policies have been abandoned and forgotten as America’s role in the global arena has developed.
Monroe Doctrine Essay - Monroe Doctrine The Monroe Doctrine can be considered as the United States first major declaration to the world as a fairly new nation. The Monroe Doctrine was a statement of United States policy on the activity and rights of powers in the Western Hemisphere during the early to mid s. The Monroe Doctrine Essay Sample. INTRODUCTION. The Monroe Doctrine is a natural protest against the European imperialism in America.