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❶Therefor If there is only one book on philosophy to read, this is it.

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Philosophy, One Thousand Words at a Time

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The selection from Sartre, " Mauvaise foi and the unconscious", is an extract from Being and Nothingness in which Sartre criticizes Freud's theory of the unconscious.

Fingarette's essay, "Self-deception and the 'splitting of the ego'", proposes a model of self-deception that does not view it as based on holding inconsistent beliefs or as primarily a matter of belief. Nagel's essay is "Freud's anthropomorphism".

Irving Thalberg's essay, "Freud's anatomies of the self", discusses Freud's explanations of disturbed behavior. Pears's essay, "Motivated irrationality, Freudian theory and cognitive dissonance", discusses Freud's explanations of errors such as forgetting and misreading, and criticizes Sartre's discussion of Freud, describing his critique of Freud's theories as complex but "not very precisely formulated" and open to several different interpretations, as well as various potential objections.

Davidson's essay, "Paradoxes of irrationality", based on a lecture, discusses what it means for an action, belief, intention, inference or emotion to be irrational. Philosophical essays on Freud was published in by Cambridge University Press.

Goldsmith described Hopkins's introduction as "incisive", and the selections chosen by Wollheim and Hopkins as "uniformly well-presented discussions of such topics as Freud's materialism, intentionality, and theories of the self's structure.

He wrote that while many of the papers included were distinguished, those that dealt with the crucial question of why the fundamental claims of psychoanalysis are still the subject of "radical scepticism" were flawed. He described Hopkins's introduction as a "shabby" psychoanalytic apologetic, and accused Hopkins of dismissing criticism of psychoanalysis by arguing that psychological factors such as attitudes to bodily processes make it difficult for people to assess psychoanalysis fairly, and of discussing psychoanalysis without being clear what his credentials were for doing so.

In a subsequent book, Freud and the Question of Pseudoscience , Cioffi described Wollheim and Hopkins's work as a "compilation of tributes to Freud's genius", and defended himself from Hopkins's charge that he misrepresented Freud.

The reviewer for Psychological Medicine wrote that while a few contributors to the book took "an overtly critical stand", the great majority "indulge in tortuous ratiocination which does little more than transport the familiar arguments into their own conceptual spheres", concluding that in so doing they "tend to support Freud's own mistrust of philosophical inquiry.

The philosopher Michael Ruse , writing in Homosexuality: A Philosophical Inquiry , described Philosophical essays on Freud as "a good collection of philosophical discussions of Freud. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Philosophical essays on Freud Cover. Some of the more important works featured in this collection are the "Monadology," and "Discourse on Metaphysics," and "On Nature Itself".

So some of the works concern Leibniz's theoretical physics and theology, not just philosophy proper [whatever that is: There is a short preface to each essay or letter in which the editor's provide relevant contextual information; moreover, the editors provide footnotes of relevent historical and philosophical, and terminological points that bring out various nuances that might otherwise have been missed entirely.

This work is intended to be a reference work--it's not meant to be read from page one to the end; rather, it is ideal for research, classroom instruction, or for on the go reading when you just need a quick Leibniz fix in a portable format.

As an introduction to Leibniz' thought, it's hard to go wrong with this edition. While using this book in a grad seminar, it was brought to my attention that there are some questionable aspects to the translation. Some of the works in this volume are translated from the Latin, others from the French. Either way, some of the word choices lend themselves to serious misinterpretation in the English. Having said that, while my Latin is better than my French, I don't think my understanding of Leibniz's complicated metaphysics was tainted anymore than it would have been had I been reading from the original languages.

Is I mentioned above, some of the inclusions concern theorectical aspects of various scientific problems, some of which are problems bequethed to Leibniz from previous thinkers, such as Descartes.

But some of the selections have prefaces that do not fully bring out the way in which Leibniz' arguments are responses to certain historical problems. For instance, in section 13 of On Nature Itself, Leibniz raises a number of objections to a view of motion that is compatible with Cartesian physics. The editors, however, do not make clear to which arguments Leibniz was responding. The Cartesian view of motion consists in geometrical bodies acting on each other within a plenum.

It is only possible, furthermore, according to Descartes, for the movement of bodies to be circular. Leibniz presents the following argument against this Cartesian view. P1 The criterion for distinguishing a uniform mass of matter is motion. P2 If motion is transference, then a change of state from one place to another must occur.

P3 It is not the case that a uniform mass of matter can be distinguished by means of a change of state from one place to another. P4 If P3 , then it is not the case that the criterion for distinguishing a uniform mass of matter is motion.

C1 It is not the case that the criterion for distinguishing a uniform mass of matter is motion. Leibniz gives an argument for P3 , which is reformulated as follows. P3a One part of matter is distinguished from another by means of an extrinsic denomination.

P3c If P3b , then it is not the case that there is an extrinsic denomination. P3d It is not the case that there is an extrinsic denomination. P3e If P3d , then it is not the case that one part of matter is distinguished from another. C2 It is not the case that one part of matter is distinguished from another. Leibniz also argues against shape, instead of motion, being the criterion for distinguishing one piece of matter from another.

According to Leibniz, a uniform mass of matter, which is infinite i. Shape, however, entails a boundary. For that reason, the Cartesians cannot construe a uniform mass of matter as having shape; and hence, shape cannot be a means for distinguishing one piece of matter from another. Nov 27, David Haines rated it it was amazing. It is a lot of fun reading Leibniz. He defines his terms well, and is very clear when he speak. His humility and desire to seek truth are evident in the way he writes.

This book is well worth the time it takes to not just read it, but examine it and work to understand his philosophy. View all 5 comments. F 7-Remarks on M. Feb 25, Jibran rated it it was amazing Shelves: Jul 10, Anna rated it it was amazing Shelves: All hail the monad! If there is only one book on philosophy to read, this is it.

If there was one Genius in the world it was Leibniz. No one ever had the imagination to explain the world. To give just one example. Everyone knows that he said that this is the best of possible worlds. And most people have trouble believing it. But it is not that he looked around and found everything pleasing but he had logical reasons to come to the conclusion. God could not have created a world without a sufficient reason.

Therefor If there is only one book on philosophy to read, this is it. Therefore this must be the one that stands out. And he had to pick it!


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Leibniz's philosophy of the monadology, the specimen dynamicum, the program for a metaphysical foundation for physics, the characteristica universalis, geometric algebra, the analysi His philosophy was impenetrable to me for years and years, but I stuck with it, considering that the guy knew no math and then, in a few short years in Paris, arrived at the calculus independent of Newton/5. Philosophical essays on Freud is a anthology of articles about Sigmund Freud and psychoanalysis edited by the philosophers Richard Wollheim and James Hopkins.