But sometimes the press gives biased news which harms a lot. The public is misled and their opinion is inflamed in such circumstances. It has been seen that some newspapers use fiery language and give hot headlines in words to attract the attention of the masses. As a result people fail to discriminate the right thing from the wrong. Different people come to diffrent conclusions according to different perceptions of their own about the same event. What is important is correct reporting.
The press enjoys immense power and therefore it should not misuse them. Instead it should exercise those powers in forming a healthy atmosphere by dint of a healthy public opinion. Importance of radio, television or cinema Electronic Media in the formulation of public opinion can never be overlooked specially in a country like India, where the precentage o illiterate persons is so high.
Radio and television broadcast national and intrnational news and educate the people. The leaders of various political parties also express their views of radio and television. Cinema is also important source information of public opinion. It often depicts about comet problems like untouchability, dowry, smuggling, terrorism, etc.
Thus the press and other media of public communication as mentioned above should work in a very responsible manner. Otherwise disorder will be noticed everywhere. We must remember that public opinion is there for the good of the people and not for doing harm for them. Preserve Articles is home of thousands of articles published and preserved by users like you. Here you can publish your research papers, essays, letters, stories, poetries, biographies, notes, reviews, advises and allied information with a single vision to liberate knowledge.
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Thus the people of India would not know of the inhuman incident of blinding the prisoners in the jail of Bhagalpur in Bihar but for the sensational disclosure in the Indian Express. It is for this reason that M. According to Vasant Sathe, the role of the press in a democracy could never be adversary to the government as emphasised in the western countries.
It was considered the fourth estate or pillar of the edifice of democracy and a hostile attitude could be disastrous to the edifice itself. The role of the press should be that of a true friend of the people as well as the government of the day. The criticism of a true friend is to help the friend, correct himself and not with the object of condemning or scandalising him.
Political parties in the country must eschew violence, fundamentalism, sectarianism, religious bigotry, separatism and racialism or things of like nature.
A model political party is one which has an healthy political outlook and economic programme. A good political party must appeal to the reason of the voters, not their emotions. The government should ban all- communal and separatist parties, since these parties, instead of doing any good to the community, is bound to ruin the community and the nation too.
Like food, water, air and medicine and the different factors that tone up a human body, there are some agencies or mediums that mould the public opinion. Newspapers, press agencies, foreign correspondents and world news films have been in existence for a long time. A free press helps the government to get at least a glimpse of the mind of their subjects.
To deprive it of this freedom is to deprive the government itself of a medium of knowing what passes in the mind of their subjects. Thus the press must come out in the open to inform the government of the state of public feeling in the country. There are responsible newspapers; there are newspapers which are sometimes responsible, sometimes not. There are newspapers which are more irresponsible than responsible; there are some sheets which seem to excel only in flights of imagination and other acts of irresponsibility.
Fortunately, the latter are not important. What the corresponding responsibilities and obligations are is pri mary for the press to determine. The government is but a reluctant intervener in this matter and would not wish to act if the press itself remains alive to its responsibilities. Platform is another formidable medium for channelising public opinion. Platform means addressing the public in a public as in like a public meeting.
Although a speaker through the platform cannot carry out extensive propaganda of his own, yet this is a very effective weapon to tear the hearts of the listeners.
The platform speeches have an edge over the newspapers in the sense that an illiterate or half-literate person, who cannot read the newspapers, can hear in the regional language the grievances pointed out by the speaker and at the same time suggesting ways and means to overcome those problems. But the public speech has its inherent defects inasmuch as very often the speaker is swept off his feet by the upsurge of passion and he assails the other parties and their leaders in offensive language.
The technological and electronic media are of recent growth. They have eclipsed other agencies by their more effective nature and more universal projections of news and views. Radio is more important than the newspapers because through radio we get the news and views from any corner of the globe almost instantly. During the last war it was probably the most efficacious of all means of propaganda.
The very fact that the Axis leaders imposed severe penalties for listening in the verboten stations is indicative of the effect that radio can have on the population. If this modem product of science can be used so effectively in the propagation of war, how much more valuable can it be as an instrument for world peace and universal cooperation.
It has often explored some profound sensitivity. We are also to admit at the same time that the silver screen has a bad side too since its recent trend is to give the accent on sex and violence. Even then, its educative value cannot be denied. Perhaps the television, or the Doordarshan, as it is called in India, is the most popular organ of linking the common people with the programmes in it, be it the funeral scene of Indira Gandhi or the Mahabharata serial.
It is now increasingly admitted that apart from providing entertainment, the television offers a great potential for education. The scope of educational institutions here-must include not only the schools, colleges and universities but libraries, literary clubs and study circles also. At that age the students are prone to adopt new ideas quickly because of their very receptive nature. So the curricula of the educational institutions must be character building and national spirited.
The educational institutions should be free from political influence. With the introduction of 18 years as the voting age, the students are now supposed to play a very vital role in public life. It is imperative that the school curriculum should contain political science — a knowledge of the machinery of government. The young students who are budding citizens must not take things for granted, but must know how they have come into being, must know their value and preservation whenever they are challenged.
The young citizen should understand what underlies the appeals of democracy and of dictatorship. It will be the bounden duty of the teacher to interest his pupils in the affairs of the modern world. Issues of public interest should be intelligently and dispassionately discussed as they arise. The teacher who leads such a discussion will give the students the useful information about all modern problems.
Once inculcated in the individual pupil, this spirit will eventually permeate the whole school. The most formidable forum of public opinion is the floor of the legislature where the most vital debates of national importance take place. The legislature is the political mirror of the nation.
The people come to know of the proceedings in the legislature through the newspapers. Now the Doordarshan televises live the proceedings of the legislature both in India and England. It is said that this kind of direct television is of great educative value for the people, who sitting home, learn the art of parliamentary debates and many issues touching on the vital life of the people.
The political parties help in the formation of public opinion. In all democratic countries of the world every adult citizen has a right to vote, i.
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In a democratic country public opinion is of the highest importance. Democracy has been defined as the government of the people, by the people and for the people. Hence the views of the people on various issues play a crucial role in determining the nature of government. Related Articles: Essay On Newspapers: Their Advantages and [ ].
Essay # 1. Meaning of Public Opinion: In simple terms public opinion means opinions held by the people at a certain time on a certain issue. In a narrow sense it may mean a noncontiguous and transitory mass of individuals with a common or general interest. Public opinion is the opinion which the people in general hold on questions of public interest of a certain time. Democracy, being the Government of the people, by the people and for the people.
Public opinion is a collective attitude or preference concerning political issues shaped by a varied and complex interplay of factors. Group membership, personal experience, gender, race, education, class, media, government officials, elites, religion, geographical region, culture, and political ideology all affect socialization and knowledge acquisition that influence and are influenced by. Free essay on Public Opinion and Democracy available totally free at ivujoz.tk, the largest free essay community.