Outlines help you to visualize how your essay will look. Outlines can be straightforward lists, idea webs or concept maps. Begin with your thesis statement and then pick the three major ideas related to your thesis statement that you will want to cover in your essay. Write down details about each main idea. Your main ideas should support your thesis.
They should be the evidence that provides support to your argument. Example main ideas for Thesis 1: Example main ideas for Thesis 2: Decide how you will format your report.
The structure of your paper depends on your topic. If you are writing a report on a person, it would make the most sense to structure your report in chronological order. For Thesis 1, the report would be structured as a spatial guide to the fair--the report would discuss the main exhibits in each of the major buildings at the fair the Court of the Universe, the Court of the Four Seasons, and the Court of Abundance.
Your intro is where you introduce your topic and state your thesis. Your intro should be engaging but not corny--the goal should be to hook the reader so that they want to read the rest of your report. You should provide some background information on your topic and then state your thesis so that the reader knows what the report is going to be about. When you are revising make sure you look at the first word in every sentence and try not to let any of them be repetitive.
Example Intro for Thesis 1: The Panama-Pacific International Exposition PPIE of was intended to celebrate both the creation of the Panama Canal, and the technological advancements achieved at the turn of the century. The three main halls of the PPIE were filled with modern creations of the day and were an excellent representation of the innovative spirit of the Progressive era. Write your body paragraphs. The body paragraphs are where you state your evidence that supports your thesis. Each body paragraph consists of a topic sentence and evidence supporting the topic sentence.
The topic sentence introduces the main idea of the body paragraph and links the paragraph back to the thesis. At the PPIE, the Court of the Universe was the heart of the exposition and represented the greatest achievements of man, as well as the meeting of the East and the West.
Support your topic sentence. After you write your topic sentence in the body paragraph, provide evidence found in your research that supports your topic sentence. This evidence can be descriptions of things mentioned in your topic sentence, quotes from experts on the subjects, or more information about the topic listed. For the topic sentence listed above about the Court of the Universe, the body paragraph should go on to list the different exhibits found at the exhibit, as well as proving how the Court represented the meeting of the East and West.
For a report about a person, you would provide evidence that proved John Doe had a hard childhood and that his experiences led him to become the famous person he was. This paragraph both summarizes your thesis again, and provides your final thoughts on your topic. It should reiterate to the reader what the reader should be taking away from your report.
Format any quotes you use, as well as your bibliography accordingly. Try to follow your teacher's formatting instructions to the letter. If he or she made no formatting instructions, go with something clean and classic.
Standard format for academic reports in the United States is point Times New Roman or Arial font, double-spaced lines, and 1-inch margins all around. Does the point you are trying to make come across clearly? Does all of your evidence support your thesis? If you were someone reading your report for the first time, would you feel like you understood the topic after reading the report?
Get someone else to read your report. Ask your helper, do you understand what I am saying in my report? Is there anything you think I should take out or add? Is there anything you would change? Check for spelling, grammar, and punctuation errors. Are there any awkward sentences that you can rewrite? Read your report out loud. Reading out loud will help you to identify any sections of the report that might sound awkward like if there are run-on sentences.
Put your paper aside for a few days. If you have time to put the paper away and clear your head before proofreading, it is a good thing to do. Your organization should clearly communicate its requirements. Typically, a police report should lead with a description of the event being described, then provide a thorough, factual, first-person account of everything that happened.
Not Helpful 51 Helpful Your report should be long enough to get the point across. Most teachers will write the page or word count limit on the assignment sheet.
Keep in mind, however, that when it comes to reports, it is the quality that matters, not the quantity. Not Helpful 48 Helpful If you are reporting on past events, use the past tense. If you are reporting on the current situation, use the present tense. Not Helpful 73 Helpful Meeting notes are referred to as minutes, and typically restrict themselves to the names of those in attendance and what motions were passed or defeated.
You can find out more from this article. Not Helpful 77 Helpful It depends on what type of report you are writing. In general, however, it's best to use active voice. Not Helpful 58 Helpful Most reports are neutral, factual accounts written in the third person. However, you should use the first person when describing something you witnessed personally, or when you are admitting blame. Not Helpful 64 Helpful A legal report typically presents a neutral assesment of the relevant facts.
Include an executive summary at the top, and conclude with recommendations for further action if necessary. Back up these recommendations with facts, not opinion. Not Helpful 46 Helpful See if you teacher has specific guidelines for formatting your title.
If not, center the title at the top of the page and put the text in bold or underline it. Attach them to the end of the report and title each one Appendix A, Appendix B, etc. Not Helpful 39 Helpful Unlike an essay, which sets out and defends a writer's view about a topic and does not have to feature headings, a report discusses a topic in a structured, easy-to-follow format. Reports are divided into sections with headings and subheadings.
Reports can be academic, technical or business related, and feature recommendations for specific actions. Reports are written to present facts about a situation, project or process and will define and analyze the issue at hand. Reports relay observations to a specific audience in a clear and concise style. First, you should take some time to prepare and plan for your report.
Before you start writing, identify the audience. Your report should be written and tailored to the readers' needs and expectations. When planning, ask yourself several questions to better understand the goal of the report. Some questions to consider include:. Once you identify the basics of your report, you can begin to collect supporting information, then sort and evaluate that information. The next step is to organize your information and begin putting it together in an outline. With proper planning, it will be easier to write your report and stay organized.
To keep your report organized and easy to understand, there is a certain format to follow. The main sections of a standard report are:. This report writing format will make it easier for the reader to find what he is looking for. Remember to write all the sections in plain English, except the body, which can be as technical as you need it to be.
Also remember that the information needs to be organized logically with the most important points coming first.
Some academic assignments ask for a ‘report’, rather than an essay, and students are often confused about what that really means. Likewise, in business, confronted with a request for a ‘report’ to a senior manager, many people struggle to know what to write.
Writing a Report. Report Structure. A good structure for a report would be as follows: Title Page - showing the title of the report, the author, the person for whom the report is prepared, and the date of completion; Summary/Synopsis/Executive Summary (approx 10% of word count) - this will identify. The purpose of the report.
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