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All editors and proofreaders have at least master degree in several fields of study and they know what is required from every type of essay;. For each example below, we also show you how you can use the type of evidence to support your thesis across a range of prompts. This flexibility should prove to you how effective pre-planned examples are. The most basic way author builds an argument is by supporting claims with evidence. These two types of evidence are Facts and Statistics and Anecdotes.
Employing statistics and facts to bolster one's argument is one of the most unassailable methods authors can use to build an argument. This argument-building technique is particularly common in essays written about scientific or social studies-related topics, where specific data and facts are readily available. Statistics usually show up in the form of specific numbers related to the topic at hand —maybe as percents, or maybe as a way to communicate other data. Factual evidence can also be in the form of non-numerical information.
Often, you'll see facts presented with references to the research study, survey, expert, or other source from which they're drawn. Here's another example from "Let There Be Dark":. Already the World Health Organization classifies working the night shift as a probable human carcinogen[.
By presenting information and facts, rather than just opinion and spin, Bogard empowers the reader to connect the dots on her own, which in turn gives the reader ownership over the argument and makes it more persuasive since the reader is coming to the same conclusions on her own, rather than entirely relying on Bogard to tell her what to think.
Another form of evidence that is often used as an alternative to actual facts or statistics is the anecdote. This type of evidence is most often found in speeches or other sorts of essay prompts that are written as a personal address to the reader.
An anecdote is a short story about a real person or event. When an author discusses own personal experience or personal experience of someone they know or have heard of, that's anecdotal evidence. Here's an example of part of an anecdote from an official SAT essay prompt that was adapted from a foreword by former U. One of the most unforgettable and humbling experiences of our lives occurred on the coastal plain. We had hoped to see caribou during our trip, but to our amazement, we witnessed the migration of tens of thousands of caribou with their newborn calves.
In a matter of a few minutes, the sweep of tundra before us became flooded with life, with the sounds of grunting animals and clicking hooves filling the air. The dramatic procession of the Porcupine caribou herd was a once-in-a-lifetime wildlife spectacle. People tend to put more faith in experiences if they can personally connect with the experiences even though that doesn't actually affect how likely or not a statement is to be true.
In the example above, rather than discussing the statistics that support the creation of wildlife refuges, Jimmy Carter instead uses an anecdote about experiencing the wonder of nature to illustrate the same point—probably more effectively. By inviting the reader to experience vicariously the majesty of witnessing the migration of the Porcupine caribou, Carter activates the reader's empathy towards wildlife preservation and so makes it more likely that the reader will agree with him that wildlife refuges are important.
Sometimes, though, the support for a claim on its own might not seem that persuasive—in those cases, an author might then choose to use reasoning to explain how the evidence presented actually builds the argument. One way in which an author might use reasoning to persuade the reader to accept the claim being put forward is to discuss a counterargument, or counterclaim, to the author's main point.
The discussion and subsequent neutralization of counterarguments is found in prompts across all subject areas. A counterargument or counterclaim is simply another point of view that contradicts either fully or partially the author's own argument.
When "some might claim," "however," or other contrast words and phrases show up in an essay prompt, the author is likely presenting a counterclaim. Waldorf kids knit and build things and paint—a lot of really practical and creative endeavors. While there are dangers inherent in access to Facebook, new research suggests that social-networking sites also offer unprecedented learning opportunities.
So how does bringing up an opposing point of view help an author build her argument? It may seem counterintuitive that discussing a counterargument actually strengthens the main argument.
And because the presence of a counterargument demonstrates that the author knows the topic well enough to be able to see the issue from multiple sides, the reader's more likely to trust that the author's claims are well-thought out and worth believing. In the case of the Dockterman article, the author not only mentions the opposite point of view but also takes the time to get a quote from someone who supports the opposing viewpoint.
This even-handedness makes her following claim that "it's not that simple" more believable, since she doesn't appear to be presenting a one-sided argument. In some cases, the clarity with which the author links her evidence and her claims is integral to the author's argument. Reasoning is the connective tissue that holds an argument together. Explanation of evidence is one of the trickier argument-building techniques to discuss at least in my opinion , because while it is present in many essay prompts, it isn't always a major persuasive feature.
You can pretty easily identify an author's explanation of evidence if the author connects a claim to support and explains it , rather than just throwing out evidence without much ceremony or linking to the claim; however, whether or not the explanation of the evidence is a major contributing factor to the author's argument is somewhat subjective.
Here's a pretty clear instance of a case where an author uses explanations of each piece of evidence she discusses to logically advance her argument again from the Dockterman passage:. Unfortunately, the explanation the Official SAT Study Guide gives for how to discuss an author's "reasoning" is a little vague:. You may decide to discuss how the author uses or fails to use clear, logical reasoning to draw a connection between a claim and the evidence supporting that claim.
But how exactly you should go about doing this? And wh y is it persuasive to clearly explain the link between evidence and claim? In the Dockterman example above, the author clearly lays out data Civilization leads to improvements in history class , a claim this is because of engagement with the game and thus the subject material , provides data that back up that claim retention rate skyrockets when students do things for themselves , and links that smaller claim to a larger concept actively browsing pages on a computer or tablet is way more brain-stimulating than vegging out in front of the TV.
This clear pattern of data-explanation-more data-more explanation enables the reader to follow along with Dockterman's points. It's more persuasive because, rather than just being told " Civilization leads to improvements in history" and having to take it on faith, the reader is forced to reenact the thinking processes that led to the argument, engaging with the topic on a deeper level.
This final category of examples is the top layer of argument building. The foundation of a good argument is evidence, which is often explained and elucidated by reasoning, but it is often the addition of stylistic or persuasive elements like an ironic tone or a rhetorical flourish that seals the deal. Vivid language is truly the icing on the persuasive cake.
As with explanations of evidence, vivid language can be found across all topics of essay prompts although it usually plays a larger role when the passage is lacking in more convincing facts or logic.
Explore new SAT essay prompts and examples representative of what students will encounter on test day and illustrating the changes being made to the SAT Essay.
The essay question deals with the development of a point of view on an issue. The variable or equating section of the SAT test is an unscored section of the test, and it is used to aid in the development of future SAT test questions and to compare the difficulty levels of different test versions.
General SAT Essay Overview: Prep Help, Questions, Formatting, and More The writing section of the SAT requires students to answer multiple-choice questions and write a composition. Some students immediately become concerned when they hear that they have to write an essay for the SAT. Boost your SAT essay score with our expert tips. Our SAT essay tips will help you score BIG. College Prep Graduate Prep. Admissions. College. Admissions Counseling; Find Colleges Our private tutors will help you build a prep plan that's customized to your score goals, study habits, and schedule. Find a Tutor. Read More.
Using these 6 SAT essay examples, you can answer any SAT essay prompt you see on test day. Results; Pricing; Customer Stories; SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips. 6 SAT Essay Examples to Answer Every Prompt. Posted by Laura Staffaroni | Nov 26, PM. SAT Essay So how does bringing up an opposing point of view help an. Dec 24, · I need help to get ideas for this propmpt: "Power is gained not through the domination of others but through the domination of ourselves." Write an essay in which you challenge, defend, or qualify this statement using examples from history, politics, science, literature, the arts, current events, or your experiences or ivujoz.tk: Resolved.