The Tipitaka contains Buddhist sayings and rules for Buddhist monks. The Buddha was asked by a king what a monk needs to be happy. He said there were only four basic needs: Today, Buddhist monks and nuns live very simply in monasteries and only own eight items: Living as monks they promise, among other things, not to eat after midday, not to sleep in a soft bed and not to handle money. In some Buddhist countries it is common for boys to spend a few months or years living as monks when they are growing up.
Buddhists don't have fixed times of day or days of the week that are dedicated to worship. Buddhist worship includes meditation and searching within the self to understand the Buddha's teachings. Some Buddhists chant mantras , or sacred words, as part of their meditation. In some countries Buddhists write mantras and prayers on coloured prayer flags; they believe that the wind blows the flags and spreads their messages throughout the world.
Mantras are also written out on prayer wheels in temples and people spin the wheels to release the prayers. Wesak is the most important Buddhist festival.
It is celebrated on the night of the full moon in April or May, when Buddhists remember the Buddha's birthday and his Enlightenment and is also known as Buddha Day. Some people wash statues of the Buddha when they celebrate Wesak, pouring scented water over it this is called "bathing the Buddha". They also try to be kind, generous and compassionate.
Wesak is celebrated differently in different countries. In Sri Lanka people decorate their homes with lanterns or candles, in Thailand there is a candlelit procession and in Nepal monks wear colourful costumes. A traditional sweet porridge dish called kheer is often eaten as part of Wesak celebrations. Download a Story of the Buddha colouring book. Make a cut-out Buddhist greeting. Can you think of practical ways in which Buddhist teachings could be followed in a person's life? Celebrate Wesak by making some mandala crafts or celebration lanterns.
Make your own origami crane you'll need to download the instructions in two parts, Part 1 and Part 2 as a Wesak gift. Download a booklet of Wesak gift ideas and templates. Watch a video in which a Buddhist explains her belief system to aliens, then answer quiz questions to show off your knowledge of Buddhism.
Read the story of Buddha , then choose the correct objects to illustrate the story of the Buddha's life. A general guide to all aspects of Buddhism. In a video about Buddhism for KS1 children , Charlie and her soft toy Blue visit a Buddhist Centre to find out about enlightenment and how Buddhists try to live peacefully.
What the Buddha taught , explained for children. Read a guide to Buddhist meditation , with video clips and details of the health benefits of meditation. Try meditation at home with some tips from the Buddhist tradition. Hear chants from different Buddhist traditions. See the different-coloured robes worn by Buddhism monks and nuns in different traditions. Read the story of the Buddha in a digital version written for primary-school students. Dhamma - the teachings of the Buddha; the dhamma wheel has eight spokes, which stand for each of the steps on the Noble Eightfold Path.
Puja - Buddhist worship or practice and the offering of flowers, lights and incense. Sangha - the name given to any community of Buddhist monks, nuns and ordinary people. Explore the ancient Amaravati Stupa online and read about some of the archeological excavations that have revealed the Stupa.
Access thousands of brilliant resources to help your child be the best they can be. Today there are about million Buddhists all over the world. Buddhists do not believe in a God who created the world and everything in it. Siddhartha Gautama, who became known as the Buddha, grew up in a Hindu family.
There are now about million Buddhists all over the world. Countries with the highest proportion of Buddhist citizens are Thailand, Cambodia, Myanmar, Bhutan, Sri Lanka and Tibet but China is the country with the largest Buddhist population over ,, In Buddhism, the lotus flower is a symbol of enlightenment, which means seeing things as they really are.
Meditation is a very important part of Buddhism. Through meditation, Buddhists believe they can calm and clear the mind, making it peaceful. Some Buddhists choose to leave their families and live as monks if they are men or nuns if they are women and dedicate their lives to sharing the teachings of the Buddha.
Buddhist monks and nuns wear orange robes and shave their heads. Buddhists believe in a constant cycle of life and death, and that people will be reborn after they die unless they reach Enlightenment and reach nirvana. Buddhists worship at shrines at home and in temples and in monasteries viharas.
Calm, peaceful and shady gardens are important areas in monasteries. The most important festival in Buddhism is Wesak , celebrated in May or June, when Buddhists remember the Buddha's birth and his Enlightenment.
Siddhartha Gautama, who became known as the Buddha, was probably born at around this time in an area of northern India modern-day Nepal. It is a religion about suffering and the need to get rid of it. A key concept of Buddhism is Nirvana, the most enlightened, and blissful state that one can achieve.
A state without suffering. Buddhism is different from many other faiths because it is not centred on the relationship between humanity and God. Buddhists do not believe in a personal creator God. The Buddhist tradition is founded on and inspired by the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama.
He was called the Buddha and lived in the 4th or 5th century B. Siddhartha Gautama found the path to Enlightenment. By doing so he was led from the pain of suffering and rebirth towards the path of Enlightenment and became known as the Buddha or "awakened one".
Siddharta Gautama is known as the Buddha. He was born into a royal family and for many years lived with in the palace walls away from the sufferings of life; sufferings such as sickness, age, and death. He did not know what they were. One day, after growing-up, marrying and having a child, Siddhartha went outside the royal palace and saw, each for the first time, an old man, a sick man, and a corpse.
He was worried by what he saw. He learned that sickness, age, and death were the inevitable fate of human beings — a fate no-one could avoid. Why did Siddhartha Gautama stop being a prince and become a Holy Man? Siddharta had also seen a monk, and he decided this was a sign that he should leave his protected royal life and live as a homeless Holy Man. Siddharta's travels showed him much more of the the suffering of the world. He searched for a way to escape the inevitability of death, old age and pain first by studying with religious men.
This didn't provide him with an answer. Images of Buddha Statues of Buddha include lots of symbols. There are 32 symbols in Buddhism which show that the Buddha was a special person.
Any of these symbols can be used on statues. For example the Buddha is often shown with:. Buddhist worship at home or at a temple. Worshippers may sit on the floor barefoot facing an image of Buddha and chanting. It is very important that their feet face away from the image of Buddha. They listen to monks chanting from religious texts and take part in prayers. Buddhists will often have a shrine. There will be a statue of Buddha, candles, and an incense burner.
Buddhist temples come in many shapes. Perhaps the best known are the pagodas of China and Japan. Another typical Buddhist building is the Stupa upside down bowl shape. All Buddhist temples contain an image or a statue of Buddha. Buddhist Temples in Thailand.
Buddhist worship is called puja. People chant to show their love for the Buddha. They make offerings of flowers, candles, incense and pure water at a shrine. People thank Buddha for his teachings. When Buddhist worship alone they usually meditate and read from the Buddhist holy books.
These are often days when there is a full moon. Many Buddhists go to temples to worship on these special days. Buddhist believe that there is a cycle of birth, life and death and rebirth. This goes on and on. They believe that unless someone gains Enlightenment, when they die they will be reborn. If a person can gain Enlightenment, they can break out of this cycle. Breaking out of the cycle is called Nirvana sometimes called Nibbana.
It is the end of everything that is not perfect. It is perfect peace, free of suffering. Buddhists try to reach Nirvana by following the Buddha's teaching and by meditating. Meditation means training the mind to empty it all of thoughts. What is the sacred text Holy Book of Buddhists? The sacred book of Buddhism is called the Tripitaka called Tipitaka in Pali. It is also called the Pali Canon, after the language in which it was first written. It is written in an ancient Indian language called Pali which is very close to the language that the Buddha himself spoke.
The Tripitaka is a very large book. The English translation of it takes up nearly forty volumes. Buddhism is based on Buddha's teachings. At first these were passed down by word of mouth and later were complied into two sets of scripture. Parts of the Tripitaka such as the Dhamma-pada and the Sutta-Nipata are among the most expressive religious books in the world.
Some of Buddha's parables are very similar to those used by Jesus. Buddhist believe that the Buddha saw the truth about what the world is like. They believe that nothing in the world is perfect, and that the Buddha found the answer to why it is like this.
They do not believe that the Buddha was a god. He was a human being just like them. They believe that he was important because he gained Enlightenment, and he chose to teach other people how to reach it too. There are three Buddhist central beliefs. These are known as the three jewels as they are felt to be so precious. One important belief involves reincarnation: The Buddha's teaching is often divided into three parts.
The first truth is that life is suffering i. We also endure psychological suffering like loneliness frustration, boredom, fear, embarrassment, disappointment and anger. There is a cause for suffering. The second truth is that suffering is caused by craving and the needing to control things.
What do Buddhist believe? Buddhist believe that the Buddha saw the truth about what the world is like. They believe that nothing in the world is perfect, and that the Buddha found the answer to why it is like this. They do not believe that the Buddha was a god. He was a human being just like them.
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