Strengthening women's access to property inheritance and land rights is another method used to economically empower women. This would allow them better means of asset accumulation, capital, and bargaining power needed to address gender inequalities. Often, women in developing and underdeveloped nations are legally restricted from their land on the sole basis of gender. Another popular methodology for women's economic empowerment also includes microcredit.
Microfinance institutions don't address cultural barriers that allow men to still control household finances; as a result, microcredit may simply be transferred to the husband. Microcredit doesn't relieve women of household obligations, and even if women have credit, they don't have the time to be as active in the market as men. Political empowerment supports creating policies that would best support gender equality and agency for women in both the public and private spheres.
Popular methods that have been suggested are to create affirmative action policies that have a quota for the number of women in policy making and parliament positions. Policies that increase their bargaining power in the household would include policies that account for cases of divorce, policies for better welfare for women, and policies that give women control over resources such as property rights. It can include participation in the household , in schools, and the ability to make choices for oneself.
Some theorists believe that bargaining power and agency in the household must to be achieved before one can move onto broader political participation. Women empowerment can be measured through the Gender Empowerment Measure GEM , which shows women's participation in a given nation, both politically and economically. GEM is calculated by tracking "the share of seats in parliament held by women; of female legislators, senior officials and managers; and of female profession and technical workers; and the gender disparity in earned income, reflecting economic independence".
Other measures that take into account the importance of female participation and equality include: Some critiques of GEM is that it is not concerned with factors regarding society, such as gender, religion, cultural context, legal context, and violations of women's rights. Some critique of this measurement is that, because GDI calculations rely solely on the achievement distribution between males and females of a population, GDI doesn't measure gender inequality; rather, it measures absolute levels on income, education and health .
A more qualitative form of assessing women's empowerment is to identify constraints to action. This allows for the identification of power relations between genders.
Because this is a participatory process, it facilitates conversation on gender discrimination. The evaluation of the development of women's agency allows for an evaluation of actions taken. These assessments must also be based on the action taken by women, and not external groups. External groups can help facilitate women's empowerment, but cannot bestow it on them. Many of the barriers to women's empowerment and equity lie ingrained in cultural norms. Many women feel these pressures, while others have become accustomed to being treated inferior to men.
Research shows that the increasing access to the internet can also result in an increased exploitation of women. Types of victimization include cyber stalking , harassment, online pornography , and flaming.
It appears in almost all industries, but is most notable in the following: Recent studies also show that women face more barriers in the workplace than do men. Gender-related barriers involve sexual harassment, unfair hiring practices, career progression, and unequal pay where women are paid less than men are for performing the same job.
While much of the public discussion of the " wage gap " has focused around women getting equal pay for the same work as their male peers, many women struggle with what is called the "pregnancy penalty".
The main problem is that it is difficult to measure, but some experts say that the possibility of having a baby can be enough for employers to push women back from their line. This problem has sparked the debate over maternity leave in the United States. However, despite the struggle for equal pay in the United States, the tech industry [ clarification needed ] has made progress in helping to encourage equal pay across gender.
In March , tech career website Dice released a study of more than 16, tech professionals that found that when you compare equivalent education, experience and position, there is no pay gap—and hasn't been for the last six years.
However, this industry also struggles to employ women in executive positions. This is partially due to the barrier of sexual harassment and pregnancy that was aforementioned.
Such barriers make it difficult for women to advance in their workplace or receive fair compensation for the work they provide. It is said that education increases "people's self-confidence and enables them to find better jobs and they can work shoulder to shoulder with men". Furthermore, it empowers women to make choices that can improve their welfare, including marrying beyond childhood and having fewer children.
Crucially, education can increase women's awareness of their rights, boost their self-esteem, and provide them the opportunity to assert their rights. Despite significant improvements in recent decades, education is not universally available and gender inequalities persist. A major concern in many countries is not only the limited numbers of girls going to school, but also the limited educational pathways for those that step into the classroom.
More specifically, there should be more efforts to address the lower participation and learning achievement of girls in science, technology, engineering and mathematics STEM education.
The growing access of the web in the late 20th century has allowed women to empower themselves by using various tools on the Internet. With the introduction of the World Wide Web , women have begun to use social networking sites like Facebook and Twitter for online activism. In recent years, blogging has also become a powerful tool for the educational empowerment of women. According to a study done by the University of California, Los Angeles, medical patients who read and write about their disease are often in a much happier mood and more knowledgeable than those who do not.
With the easy accessibility and affordability of e-learning electronic learning , women can now study from the comfort of their homes. A large effort has been made to include women in schools to better their education. There are also some prominent non-profits that help empower women: Additionally, the inclusion of women in politics allowed for more gender equality. The first female speaker of House, the first First Lady to run for president, and first women to serve on the Supreme Court were monumental events that proved socially the acceptance of "subservient" women.
There are currently bills in Congress that work to ensure education to girls, one of which is the Protecting Girls' Access to Education Act. These are enacted with the belief that proper education will pull them out of poverty and reduce exploitation. Another action taken on by the U. Equally competent and intelligent: Women are equally competent.
Women are as talented as men. Today, Many women are occupying the top position of multinational companies. Overall development of society: The main advantage of Women Empowerment is that there will be an overall development of the society. Women Empowerment also leads to more economic benefits not to the individuals but to the society as well.
Unlike earlier days when they stayed at home only and do only kitchen stuffs, nowadays, they roam outside and also earns money like the male members of the society. Reduction in domestic violence: Women Empowerment leads to decrease in domestic violence.
Uneducated women are at higher risk for domestic violence than an educated women. Women Empowerment is also advantageous in case of corruption. Women empowerment helps women to get educated and know their rights and duties and hence can stop corruption. Women Empowerment also reduces poverty. Sometimes, the money earned by the male member of the family is not sufficient to meet the demands of the family. Women are increasingly participating in the national development process. They are making the nation proud by their outstanding performances almost every spheres including medical science, social service, engineering, etc.
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Long and Short Essay on Women Empowerment in English Women empowerment is the empowerment of women which helps them to take their own decisions by breaking all personal limitations of the society and family. Essays - largest database of quality sample essays and research papers on Women Empowerment Short Essay.
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