The British passed the Rowlett Act in to deal with the revolutionaries. Gandhi made the Rowlett Act an issue and appealed to the people to observe peaceful demonstration on April 6, Gandhi's call for peaceful demonstration met with tremendous response.
It led to mass demonstrations in Punjab and Delhi. The Jallianwala Massacre was a sequel of this agitation. The Indian people were shocked by the way the British conducted themselves. Gandhi them launched a non-co-operation in against the British rule. Many leaders and persons courted arrest. On March , Sir Stafford Cripps came to India with his proposals which were rejected by all political parties.
The failure of the Cripps Mission led to unprecedented disturbances. Disillusioned and disappointed, the congress passed at Bombay the Quit India Resolution August 8, The British were asked to leave India forthwith.
The moving spirit behind the resolution was Gandhiji. The Quit India Movement was the greatest challenge to the British empire. Gandhi was a great leader, a saint and a great social reformer. He was pious, truthful and religious. He believed in simple living and high thinking. Every body who came in contact with him were so deeply influenced by his personality. He was a Champion of democracy and was deadly opposed to dictatorial rule. He went to England primarily as he had to drop out from the only degree-granting institution in Gujarat, due to lack of financial support.
In England, while he studied jurisprudence and law at Inner Temple, he became more interested in establishing his identity as an English person. However, on account of personal problems, he left London for India after briefly serving there as a barrister. In a Muslim merchant from Kathiawar asked Gandhiji to go to South Africa as his cousin in Johannesburg needed a lawyer there.
On acceptance, Gandhiji went to Johannesburg in April with funding for his work there. It was in South Africa where MK Gandhi had the transformation of his political, social views as he was constantly belittled, humiliated under the Apartheid system of British colonialism in South Africa which discriminated him at every stage for being colored Indian. It was here where Gandhiji first started nationalist organizations for Indians and bagged the role of being a mass mobilizer.
He returned to join the Indian Freedom movement in , after 21 years of experience in South Africa. Having been a barrister in his early life, Mohandas Gandhi mastered Western education in a critical manner. He understood the pitfalls and importance of Western education with equal distinction.
Under the eighteen constructive programmes of Gandhiji, New Education or Nai Talim was one with profound consequence. It was built upon his understanding of the world that needed both the exposure of western education while de-stressing the limits of isolation it brought with it by making people slaves of education instead of utilizing education as a tool of liberation, altruism, and self-sufficiency.
Nai Talim coincided with his vision of creating small self-reliant groups and communities where education would be holistic and develop an all-round socio-economic development.
Nai Talim sought to eradicate the usual teacher-student relation where the student was cut off from the teacher and the teacher would only be imparting a vocation that would make a student solely career dominated. Nai Talim is essentially a craft-based knowledge system, where students would learn various subjects but just not for any abstract aim of heightening merit for the purpose of job or self-centered aims.
Instead, there would be the focus upon learning various religions and reliance on handcraft machinery to learn to utilize machinery in order to create self-sufficiency. In a shift from traditional reliance on teacher merely stressing the importance of tools to raise economic productivity, under Nai Talim the student was supposed to learn comprehensively with the teacher to apply skills to make products. Self-respect would be harbored in every individual who would be educated under Nai Talim concepts.
Mohandas Gandhi, a visionary in terms of political and social reformation, was a pioneer of novel ideas. Some of them can be discussed as the following:. The highest principle Gandhiji put emphasis upon was his value of Satyagraha. Satyagraha is essentially the principle embodying truth, nonviolence and absolute love in the heart. For Gandhiji, it was the most important task for any struggle to remain peaceful and establish truth without inflicting harm upon any body or person. He advocated self-suffering as a means of struggle and no bickering with other people.
He firmly believed such an approach would be the highest moral path in winning over an enemy not just squashing them. An as a prefix acts to negate that desire.
It was essentially a quality he derived from the study of Jainism and Buddhism as well as from his wife, who would suffer silently and be a reminder that it was impossible for Gandhiji to change her will, without shedding any amount of violence.
Nonviolent means were the hallmark of the Gandhi movement where ahimsa was the basic principle. In Gandhian terms, Brahmacharya means attaining the highest status of pure Brahmin status, which in its strict manner would mean shunning of the basal instincts of a man.
Gandhiji advocated reining in passion which had the power to devour a person instead of uplifting them. For him, the power of Brahmacharya would not only require converting sexual lustful energy into pure and gender respecting ones but also prevent being ruled by banes of passion. Brahmacharya for him would encompass actions, behavior and thought process alike. Gandhiji started the khadi movement in mostly in order to bring back self-reliance in villages severely exploited under the British industrial scenario.
For him, khadi being self-spun fabric and belonging to India for a long time before the Britishers came, represented the India which needed to manufacture its own products and just not be the tool for foreign consumption. The Charkha on which khadi was spun was sacred to Gandhiji as he regarded it as the highest symbol of self-governance, job creation, and symbol of sustainable civilization. Gandhiji imbibed the reliance upon fasting as a mark to achieve his nationalist aims from his mother Putlibai, who would fast rigorously for the well being in a ritualistic manner.
He combined his fasting trends with Satyagraha and believed that fasting should not be a mere tool or mechanical in nature but should be in lines with depths of the soul in order to attain spiritual objectives under Satyagraha. Gandhiji was a staunch advocate of equal tolerance for different religions. He strongly believed against caste system and supported BR Ambedkar in his efforts to eradicate untouchability.
Gandhiji believed that the principle of Ahimsa automatically called for treating all religion with equal respect and favored the study of different religions. Gandhiji, being a master of mass mobilization, devised unique and novel strategies and uprisings, whose combinations played a great role in the Indian freedom movement.
Non-Cooperation Movement was first taken up by Gandhiji in his struggle in the wake of the horrific Jallianwalabagh tragedy, in April where Reginald Dyer , the Brigadier General of British Army conducted a cold-blooded shooting rage for a peaceful gathering in Jallianwala Bagh Amritsar, a confined park.
Still he was evented and punished out of the compartment by the white men. On another occasion he wore a turban and attended the Court. But the judge who was a white man ordered him: Gandhiji fought against this unjust and cruel treatment. He observed Satyagraha there and became successful.
In South Africa he built up his career as a Satyagrahi. He returned to India in In India he found similar unkind treatment by the white rulers. He started the Non-co-operation in and the Quit India Movement in During his struggle he applied no jealousy and violence against the rulers.
The British Government granted independence to India. Gandhi's style of living was very simple. He removed the caste barrier. He called the untouchables as the Harijan, the children of God. He was a reformer. He told the Indians to do manual labour. He advised the students of his time to read vocational subjects in order to be self-dependent.
He also advised to introduce hand-spinning as a subject in educational institutions. He was a strong supporter of agriculture. Gandhiji was a spiritual man. He spiritualised the politics.
Introduction: Gandhiji was one of the greatest Indian of all time. He is called the "Father of the Indian Nation". His original name was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi.
Mahatma Gandhi Essay 3 ( words) Mahatma Gandhi was a great and outstanding personality of the India who is still inspiring the people in the country as well as abroad through his legacy of greatness, idealness and noble life.
Mahatma Gandhi essaysMahatma Gandhi was born on October 2, in Probander India. Gandhi's real name is Mohandas. He is called Mahatma because Mahatma means "Great Soul" and was called this for his mind on the matter of Indian rights. He was devoted to helping the Indian people. Read this essay on Mahatma Gandhi ( A.D. – A.D.)! Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, also known as Bapu (the father of the nation) and Mahatma (the great soul) was born at Porbandar on 2nd October, Karamchand was his father and Putlibai was his mother. His father was a hereditary diwan of.
Feb 26, · Mahatma Gandhi Essay, Speech Words. Mahatma Gandhi was a great freedom fighter who spent his whole life in a struggle for the independence of India. Mahatma Gandhi’s full name was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. He was born in the Indian Hindu family on 2nd of October in in Porbandar, Gujarat. His father Karamchand Gandhi /5(2). Mahatma Gandhi - Father of The Nation is an essay witten by Ritu Johari on Gandhiji. This section contains Prize-winning Essays of the classical contest organised by CITYJAN Newsweekly, Navi Mumbai on the occasion of Gandhi .