Then as they grow they make them beggars, and eventually sell them to employers. This malady is rampant across the length and breadth of India. According to the United Nations stipulation in article 32 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child and the International Labor Organization, child labor is to be considered if " States Parties recognize the right of the child to be protected from economic exploitation and from performing any work that is likely to be hazardous or to interfere with the child's education, or to be harmful to the child's health or physical, mental, spiritual, moral or social development.
In other words, child labor is any kind of work children are made to do that harms or exploits them physically, mentally, morally, or by preventing access to education. However, all work is not bad or exploitive for children. In fact, certain jobs help in enhancing the overall personality of the child. For example, children delivering newspapers prior to going to school or taking up light summer jobs that do not interfere with their school timings.
When children are given pocket money earning oriented tasks, they understand the value of money, as well as respect it even more. Child labor coupled with child abuse has today become one of the greatest maladies that have spread across the world.
Each year statistics show increasing numbers of child abuse, more so in the case of the girl child. When a girl is probably abused by someone at home, to hide this fact she is sold to an employer from a city as domestic help, or then as a bride to an old man. Though eradicating the menace seems like a difficult and nearly impossible task, immense efforts have to be made in this direction. The first step would be to become aware of the causes of child labor. The leading reason is that children are employed because they are easier to exploit.
On the other hand, people sell their children as commodities to exploitive employers to have additional sources of income. Most such employers pay a lump sum for the child and then keep him or her imprisoned within the factory unit till the child cannot work due to deteriorating health as a result of harsh living and working conditions. Lack of proper educational facilities is another reason that forces parents to send their children to work.
India accounts for the second highest number of child labor after Africa. Bonded child labor or slave labor is one of the worst types of labor for children. It is estimated that approximately 10 million bonded children laborers are working as domestic servants in India. Beyond this there are almost 55 million bonded child laborers hired across various other industries.
A recent ILO report says that about 80 per cent of child laborers in India are employed in the agriculture sector. Generally, the children are sold to the rich moneylenders to whom borrowed money cannot be returned. Sometimes they are made to go hungry for days together so that people feel sorry for them and give alms. Among the industries, glass and bangle industry is estimated to employ around 60, children who are made to work under extreme conditions of excessive heat.
An equal number are estimated to be employed in matchbox factories, where they are made to work over twelve hours a day, beginning work at around 4 a. The brass and the lock industries also employ an estimated 50, children each. However, it is the carpet industry in India which employs the largest number of children estimated to be more than four lakhs. The statistical information regarding child labor cannot be taken to be precise, as there are areas where no accounting has been done.
Child labour is in practice of having many children engaged in economic activity on a part time or full-time basis. This practice is harmful to the children, this may deprive the children of their childhood.
According to the survey of national india census the total number of child labourers who aged between 4 to 15 , to be at In it was found that the number of child labourers to be at 4. Child Labour is nothing but simply taking away their children from them.
It is best defined as the work which deprives them of their own childhood, dignity, their potential dignity, and that is harmful to physical and mental development. It refers to work that is mentally, physically, socially or morally dangerous and harmful to children. According to indian census , it is defined officially that child labour is the participations of child less than 17 years in any economically productive activity.
In some cases we see that many parents who are gumustas encourage their children to work instead of making them study. In many of the cases many children are forced to work under the pressure of either parents or else some other person who is incharge or guardian. The Factories Act of This act prohibits pre-adults to work under any company or in construction sites etc.
The Mines Act of The Act prohibits the employment of children below 18 years of age in a mine. The Act prohibits the employment of children below the age of 14 years in hazardous occupations identified in a list by the law.
The list was expanded in , and again in In , the Act was amended not in force as of 30 July to prohibit employment of child below 14 years in all occupation except for helping in non-hazardous family business and of child artists in the entertainment industry and sports. Further, adolescents between 14—18 years will not be allowed to work in hazardous industries and processes. This act made child labour as a complete crime which is punishable with prison term for anyone to keep a child in bondage.
The presence of many children working is to be considered as a serious issues in terms of economic welfare. Many children work and fail to get proper education. In terms of the physical condition of children, children are not ready for long monotonous work because they become exhausted more quickly than adults.
This reduces their physical conditions and makes the children more vulnerable to disease. Children who are working under hazardous conditions are even in worse condition.
Essay on Child Labour in Hindi अर्थात इस article में आप पढेंगे, बाल-मजूदूर पर एक निबंध जिसका शीर्षक है, बाल-मजूदूर-समस्या (Child Labour Problem).
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Essay on Child Labour in Hindi. Essay on Child Labour in Hindi: आज यदि दिल्ली की सडको पर ही हम देख ले तो आपको जगह जगह पर इस प्रकार के बच्चे आपको मिल जाएंगे जिनके तन पर ना कपडा होता हैं और उन्हें. Child Labour Essay in Hindi बालश्रम का तात्पर्य उस कार्य से है, जिसे करने वाला व्यक्ति कानून द्वारा निर्धारित आयु से छोटा हो |बालश्रम एक ऐसा सामाजिक अभिशाप है, जो शहरों.
Essay on Child Labour in Hindi बाल मजदूरी पर निबंध words. बचपन जीवन का सबसे अनमोल व मज़ेदार समय होता है। यह समय तो बच्चों के मानसिक और शरीरक विकास के लिए अत्यंत जरूरी होता है. CHILD LABOUR Introduction. Child labour in India is the hottest topic in the social networking sites nowadays. Each child is a very important asset .