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Essay on Progressivism


❶The success factor for Facebook has become a core success principle for all businesses that is increased role of leadership and its active participation in the innovation, creativity and change is essential for the longevity of the businesses. Many economic and social changes transformed the American society in the 20th century, including innovations in technology, science, living standards, mass communication, entertainment, gender roles and the role of the government.

Progressivism - A Wide and Varied Movement

Swift technological advancements and rapid speed of industrialization altered the life styles of Americans. In this context, progressive leaders advocated and strived to introduce reforms for solving the grave issues. Progressivism movement was wide in nature with varying goals. It introduced urban reforms and had offensive attitude towards dishonest leaders and corrupt political system.

Leaders of progressive movement favored taking ownership of public utilities by government supporting different social welfare programs to resolve mainly the problems of immigrants, working class, and poor.

At the state level, Progressive movement introduced specific democratic reforms. The purpose of democratic reforms was to allow American citizens to select leaders as per their choice, independently and freely.

Basically, the roots of Progressivism had been in the transitional era of United States from a nation comprising farmers to a nation of consumers and employees manipulated by large firms, exploiting and misusing resources, supported by the corrupt government. Progressive movement started with the intentions to rectify these problems. Moreover, it focused on providing solutions to the issues raised by urbanization and industrialization, as discussed above. Progressive leaders felt that their democratic reforms were threatened by the corrupt governmental policies and dishonest leaders.

Progressivism confronted ending corporate power and to abolish monopolies. Democracy, they believed, was the solution of problems faced by most of the Americans, especially lower class. They tried to protect working people and aimed to break the vicious circle of poverty by eliminating the gap between different social classes.

It is pertinent to mention that Progressive movement was wide in a sense that it included both Democrats and Republicans. The movement heavily impacted the political structure at local, state, and national levels. It had significant influence on cultural and social life of America. It was, in fact, a dynamic movement introducing reforms at varied platforms including democratic, social, and political fronts.

The agenda also had variety and diversification. It comprises social as well as political agenda. However, the main aims were elimination of corruption, protecting common people especially lower- class, elimination the continuous gap between different social classes, and promoting scientific as well as technological developments ensuring welfare of people. With varying nature and wider in scope, Progressivism concentrated on providing effective tools to build trust of people in government and business organizations.

However, a small group in the Progressive movement also supported ownership of production by government. Amendments to the Constitution showed their priorities at the political front as they provided new ways for electing senators and tried to eliminate monopolies.

The wide spectrum of Progressivism can be viewed from the fact that not only it focused on fighting at the political platform, the movement tried to address the problem of urbanization.

It is also pertinent to highlight the shortcomings of Progressive movement as their failure in the areas of limiting child labor and not addressing racial problems of blacks especially African Americans who had migrated from South. At the end of first phase of Progressive movement ranging from to , the election of was fought by contenders with Progressive approach having varied goals from different labor issues to problems at political as well as social level. More power was given to Congress in this era.

Election of Senators was to be made by the public and women gained voting powers in this particular era. Progressivism was a movement starting at the end of nineteenth century and ended in the second decade of twentieth century In this era tremendous changes at the economic, social, and political level were made.

People taking part in the movement had diversified backgrounds, different political views, and varied social interests. It included political leaders from both Democrats and Republicans. The movement was led by people of different groups comprising teachers, political leaders, labor leaders, religious leaders, journalists, from both genders.

La Follette, former governor of Wisconsin. Muckrakers, a group of journalists such as Lincoln Steffens and Ida Tarbell, exposed corruption practices in government and highlighted business scandals.

They portrayed the miserable working conditions of poor and exploitations of large industries along with issues of concentration of wealth. Henry Ford introduced a lucrative pay scale for his workers during Progressive era. Changes in America Due to Industrialization. How industrialization and other social changes transformed the face of 19th century America The late 19th century in America was characterized by seismic political shifts in the ways in which Americans conducted their economic lives.

In addition to the changes the Civil War wrought in America, there was also an increasing divide between the needs of urban and rural Americans. The increasingly dominant urban culture of the North along with the interjection of new political parties and cultures was profoundly threatening for many Americans and raised charges that America was becoming more "European. For rural farmers it meant the dismaying rise of big business and banks which had become the power elites…… [Read More]. Educational Challenges Spelled Out in Specifics.

As the United States continues to see an increase in multi-ethnic, multinational populations, the children of immigrants that bring diverse cultures and ethnicities to American shores are represented in the classroom. This presents a serious challenge for the educator, since the diversity of students reflect a wide range of competencies, skills and levels of intellectual comprehension. Within the context of that diversity the instructor must embrace a pivotal 21st century learning challenge -- meeting the learning needs of students who may fall behind without one-on-one instruction and the learning needs of more advanced students seeking to surge ahead while many students in the classroom may be struggling simply to stay up with the assignments.

In order for students to reach their optimum level of academic achievement, the system must change and the philosophy of instruction must change…… [Read More]. Norton I Intro on the Restoration Norton. New likes were established that varied from the traditional arts scene. The country of England became divided politically as new parties emerged to represent its citizens. The Tories supported the Crown, while the Whigs formed with a more progressive outlook and included nobles and clergymen.

The Toleration act provided freedom of worship. Such acts and provisions would eventually become more commonplace as people began to realize differing viewpoints of the world. Theories of old such as those of Aristotle…… [Read More]. Between sale alcoholic beverages heavily controlled. This essay will explore the underlying factors that motivated temperance movements, subsequently, the Prohibition, in relation to alcohol consumption before and after the Civil War.

It will address some earlier perceptions regarding alcohol and the shift in beliefs over its consumption. Ultimately, some short-term and long-term effects of the Prohibition will be revealed. Long before the start of colonization in the New World, alcohol had played a significant part in people's lives. Not only was it customary habit to drink on a regular and daily basis but alcohol generally was regarded as part of God's creation, thus "inherently good.

Moderation was not merely religiously…… [Read More]. Sound in Cinema the End of the. Sound in Cinema The end of the era of silent film and the movement to sound effects was an inevitable occurrence in cinema.

As the viewers clamored to identify a more realistic portrayal of subjects in the film, the worldwide industry of cinema transitioned quickly from rudimentary sound effects to the prospect of "talkies" by the s. However, even with the vanguard and innovation of synchronized sounds at the peak of Golden Age cinema, many critics and directors alike were uneasy with this rapid movement from silence to sound.

The beginnings of silent film era produced motion animation based on black and white still photography. The idea of montage became a further artistic expression in the industry, popular amongst experimental photographers and directors of the early s to s Alexandrov. Once life and movement became achievable in films, however, viewers and filmmakers saw the opportunity to include sound within the…… [Read More]. Disease a major health issue world today. Epidemiologists "front line" advocating safe healthy living.

This paper designed introduce a disease ways prevented. Research a disease history, treatment,. Obesity Although it is presently a worldwide problem, obesity is not actually a new phenomenon. Experts in Europe and the Middle East found obese figures dating from 23, to 25, years ago. These figures were likely to be deities from the Paleolithic era. In Neolithic these corpulent figures invoked fertility for people and plants and they were often named Mother Goddesses.

In the Modern era figures of obese women continued to appear not only as figurines, but also in paintings. Obesity was considered to be a problem that needed to be treated before CE. In Ancient Egypt, obesity was seen as a horrible disease. The Chinese used acupuncture as treatment for obesity.

East Asia Ideal and Reality: Cultural Revolution in East Asia In recent history in East Asia, the laws, ideals, and models of government and culture have produced a reality that is somewhat different from that hoped for and proposed by these arbitrary systems. As Dong Zhongshu notes, the ancient Han dynasty erected an empire that lasted years based on a Confucian "vision of an omnipotent but disciplined sovereign, who sought to align the population with the norms of Heaven and Earth" De Bary In China, this basic paradigm of god-like ruler, informed by a counsel of scholars, learned in the ways of the ancients, held true for centuries and even into the modern era, when Industrialization changed the nature of society the world over -- including East Asia.

With the introduction of new creeds, East Asian rulers found they had new opportunities to erect new social structures based…… [Read More]. Crack Up Scott Fitzgerald's "The Crack Up" fits Phillip Lopate's definition of a personal essay in the sense that its tone is intimate, conversational and informal, rather than being structured like some formal, textbook-style usually very boring essay with a 'serious' purpose and the thesis statement in the first paragraph.

Fitzgerald does offer "candor and self-disclosure," probably more than the readers wanted to know, and in the familiar, conversational style that is one of the hallmarks of the personal essay Lopate, , p. Although many people today will not realize it, the essay also went strongly "against the grain of popular opinion" in the America of the s, since that was the age of commitment among writers and intellectuals -- almost always on the Left. Douglass King and Legal Justice.

In his famous missive from legal captivity for protesting on behalf of equal rights, King articulated how it was that the Civil Rights movement could at once work to utilize laws to change institutional segregation and simultaneously resist Jim Crow laws still in effect. Meditating on the subject, King remarked, "One may well ask: I would be the first to advocate obeying just laws. One has not only a legal but a moral responsibility to obey just laws.

Conversely, one has a moral responsibility to disobey unjust laws. I would agree with St. Augustine that 'an unjust law is no law at all. Students With Disabilities Who Did. The shift toward standardized testing has failed to result in a meaningful reduction of high school dropout rates, and students with disabilities continue to be marginalized by the culture of testing in public education Dynarski et al. Special education issues that demand more immediate attention include a ensuring that special education teachers have appropriate textbooks, b providing special education teachers with help to complete needed paperwork relative to student assessments and intervention; and c investigating why "a disproportionate number of children of color end up in special education" Shorr, , p.

Without giving the proper attention to special education, the ongoing challenge of dropping out among students with disabilities cannot be addressed. It is…… [Read More]. Turkish Revolution as Defined by the Six. In many ways, this was the natural result of Turkey's war for independence against the Ottoman Empire, however the appointment of Kemal as President proved to have vast and -- in many cases -- unexpected ramifications for Turkey and its people.

The decision to proclaim Turkey a Republic was considered "premature," by many Independence War veterans, to include Huseyin Rauf, Ali Faut, Adnan, Refat and Kazim, as "calling the state a republic did not in itself bring freedom and that the real difference was between despotism and democracy, whether under a republican or a monarchic system.

Biography of Theodore Roosevelt. As the White House puts it, Roosevelt "brought new excitement and power to the Presidency, as he vigorously led Congress and the American public toward progressive reforms and a strong foreign policy," "Theodore Roosevelt". However, Roosevelt was and is known as much for his environmentalism as for his domestic and foreign policy. Theodore Roosevelt was born on October 27, , amidst a "flurry of activity" that "disturbed the genteel quietness of East Twentieth Street, New York City," Morris, , p.

The Roosevelts were no Lincolns; they were urbanites and prominent philanthroposts. The Roosevelts were came from a long line of original Dutch merchants who…… [Read More]. Flat Thomas Friedman Describes the New.

Flat , Thomas Friedman describes the new global capitalist economy and how it has affected the United States, as well as the type of skills and education that will be most in demand in the 21st Century. Even white-collar workers, managers and engineers have been doing poorly because of globalization, while unskilled and semiskilled blue-collar workers have been devastated.

Construction and manufacturing workers with only a high school education have been losing ground in wealth and incomes to the elites for the last thirty years.

This era has been far better for the creative and imaginative designers of new technologies than those performing routine tasks. For the last ten years, the majority of Americans were surviving through inflated credit, mortgage and asset bubbles, but when these collapsed in their true economic situation became stark.

Friedman's main thesis is that those workers with flexible, adaptive, creative skills who can understand…… [Read More]. Television's Depiction of American Family in the s and s. Television's Depiction Of American Family In The s And s Television depiction of the American family in the s and early s Television has for many years shaped the American society depending on the prevailing circumstances at that time.

Ordinarily it is expected that television as a form of art would mimic the real life, but this has not always been true across the eras since at some point, television shaped and gave direction of style to be followed and presented the viewers with the 'ideal' society that the programmers thought kept the viewer glued to their channels, rather than the real society out there.

The depiction of the American family by the television in the s through to s was geared more toward the portrayal of a peaceful culture devoid of the challenges facing other parts of the world, financially stable and happy. This trend caught up to act…… [Read More]. Renaissance Building Projects Their Relationship.

In contrast, English baroque has been described as being more secular, with a higher degree of classical inspiration. However, as Daniells states, this form of the Baroque style is not easy to categorize with finality Daniells.

Wellek uses the term 'restraint' to characterize English baroque Wellek. With regard to the period of the Scientific Revolution, English Baroque drew inspiration from renaissance geometry. As in the Italian or Roman Baroque, there is a strong religious element that permeates all the designs.

The following summary by Soo is reiterated as it encapsulates the link between English baroque and the religious and scientific values of the period.

History of the United States. What shaped American foreign policy after that and what were the effects of the Truman Doctrine on the beginnings of the Cold War in the late 's?

How did a policy of containment work at home and abroad? What evidence supports such a claim? Was this policy successful? What patterns of mistakes were repeated tracing from Vietnam to Iraq? Do these undermine or further American Hegemony? Are these wars of the past ongoing under a new title, "the war on terrorism?

Then I list some of the possible reasons boys are falling behind and some of the solutions. I end with what I feel is a viable solution to the problem of boys falling behind. Are boys in England falling behind there female counterparts? If the answer to this question is yes, then why, and what can be done to address the problem.

In an age of fierce competition, it is no longer enough to just let "boys be boys" The question is How can we balance the learning needs of boys with the needs of girls. It seems society is on a pendulum, first favoring boys, then favoring girls.

We cannot go back and forth, favoring one gender at a time. The pendulum needs to stop swinging, but how do we balance the needs of boys with the…… [Read More]. While that process may be somewhat apparent in Kurt Schwitters's Merz pictures from this era, the artist was not so radical as to defy all means of self-expression - he clearly could not help himself from interfering by shaping his materials into a form that may not have seemed coherent at the time, but from a historical perspective, certainly seems to make sense.

Both works seem to evoke a melancholy mood in the viewer once one realizes that such rigorous means of experimentation are largely absent from the activities of artists in today's art world.

Works Cited Feaver, William. Retrieved 30 March at http: Rauschenberg in the '50s. Retrieved 29 March at http: Presidencies of Woodrow Wilson and.

Roosevelt believed in an independent presidency and thought this was best for the American people. Milkis notes that Roosevelt was strongly influenced by Wilson and his procedures. Roosevelt shard his vision but he was also more concerned with "practical rather than theoretical considerations" Roosevelt had a vision to establish a "personal party" and Milkis claims that this was an attempt to alter the character of constitutional government in America.

Roosevelt won the presidency in with the pledge "to increase government spending to restore purchasing power" Noble We know this as the New Deal and this deal had many government spending programs because it acknowledges many "economic truths as self-evident" Chodorow For example, Roosevelt believed that individuals had the right to earn enough money to provide for their family, and every family had the right to live in a decent home.

These rights were significant because…… [Read More]. Colombia Is the Third-Largest Recipient. During this penultimate period of violence under Rojas, the violence that wracked Colombia assumed a number of different characteristics that included an economic quality as well as a political one with numerous assassinations taking place. These were literally contract killings there were sponsored by opposition forms. There were also horrendous genocidal acts that were carried out by gangs combined with authentic revolutionary fighting in some regions of the country.

The fourth and final phase of the Violencia began with the fall of Rojas Pinilla and the reconciliation between the Conservative and Liberal parties that resulted in the creation of the Frente Nacional government.

The majority of the strictly sectarian Violencia was finally stopped for the most part during this final phase of this ugly chapter in Colombia's history, and the cessation provided the opportunity for the governmental forces to address the root causes of much of the violence during the…… [Read More].

Dangerous Liaisons Film Research Paper. Europe witnessed a flowering period in the 18th century that historians call the Age of Enlightenment. A period filled with experimentation as well as intellectual curiosity, people relied on the power of human reason in order to understand society and nature.

One specific manifestation of the Enlightenment was a steadfast faith in the stable progression of civilization via scientific development. Because of this religious judgment went to the wayside. Instead, people wanted improvement through freedom, equality, and tolerance. These philosophers devoted their passion to useful thought and not speculation.

Towards the latter half of the 18th century , such thinking took the form of a highly scandalous story, Dangerous Liaisons. Written by Pierre Ambroise Choderlos de Laclos, a member of minor nobility and a French intelligence officer within the army, Dangerous Liaisons describes French nobility and the search for sex…… [Read More].

Cultural and Social Influence of Neoclassical Artist. His became brought up with his grandfather, Pasino Canova , who was a mediocre sculptor specializing in altars with low reliefs and statues in late Baroque style such as Crespano. After the death of Bernardi, he decided to work in the studio of the sculptor Giovanni Ferrari -- for a few months. While in Venice, Antonia got a chance to study the nude at the Accademia and the plaster casts of famous antique sculptures in the collection of Filippo Farsetti.

This is where his first independent work was placed two Baskets of Fruit. Domestic Homicide in South Carolina The law, in its majestic equality, forbids the rich as well as the poor to sleep under bridges, to beg in the streets, and to steal bread," wrote French intellectual and social critic Anatole France in The Red Lily in and in doing so he summarized the often great distance that exists between laws and people's concepts of justice and truth.

Justice is a slippery concept and the truth even more so - and this is perhaps nowhere more evident than in the practices of the "truth commissions" established in a number of countries newly accustoming themselves to democracy.

The Orwellian sound of "truth commission" is not inappropriate, for the connection between the actions of these commissions - in places like Argentina, Chile, El Salvador, Guatemala and South Africa - and the truth of experience or any sense of absolute justice was both tenuous…… [Read More]. Women in Paul's Churches. Role of Women in Paul's Church The role of women in church as laid out by the Apostle Paul has always been controversial.

There are those who say that Paul hated women and created restrictive, secondary roles for them in the church because of it. Others, however, maintain that Paul loved women and that the roles he created for them in the Christian church were very liberating for them.

Still others acknowledge that the roles for women that Paul created for the Christian church are somewhat restrictive and secondary, but say that this is because of the status of women in society at that time, not because Paul hated women.

The role of women in the Christian church as ordered by Paul continues to be controversial and a matter of scholarly interpretation and study today. This paper takes a look at the role of women in the Christian church as…… [Read More].

Case Study of Facebook. Leadership Ethics on Facebook The milestone in the history of social networking world was created with the advent of Facebook. It was initially created by Mark Zukerberg for the students of Harvard as a platform for social networking. The innovation, creativity and most importantly strong leadership has made this social networking portal an internationally recognized social networking site translated in almost 70 languages.

In today's era where the definition of business has changed tremendously and how businesses are conducted have found their new avenues, survival has become a challenge for all small and large organizations. The success factor for Facebook has become a core success principle for all businesses that is increased role of leadership and its active participation in the innovation, creativity and change is essential for the longevity of the businesses.

Businesses have to be flexible and adaptive to the ever changing environment whether it is internal environment…… [Read More]. USA Hegemony There are no fundamental differences between now and what international politics used to be in the first half of the 20th Century.

It is true that the post-WWII period has been more peaceful, but it is not because of a fundamental transformation in the way international politics works. To state that there are no fundamental differences between international politics in and afterwards would be to carry the argument to an extreme, even though the continuities are greater than the discontinuities.

Above all else, the liberal, democratic states and empires in the U. Even governments that were democratically elected were sometimes overthrown and replaced by more pliable regimes, such as the 'friendly' dictators of Central…… [Read More]. Night the Crystals Broke Write where you got inspiration from? The inspiration from this poem comes from my grandmother and her family, who lived through the pogroms and just before the Nazis took over Hungary.

The title refers to the Kristallnacht, the event in which the Nazis burned synagogues and their religious items, and broke the windows. They also broke the windows of the local businesses. This poem also refers to the journey that was scary and arduous, over the Atlantic in the ship to Ellis Island. The statue at the end of the poem is the Statue of Liberty, which welcomed the "poor" and "hungry" masses, like my grandmother's people.

There is no one author or poem I referred to here. This is a completely original work. However, it is written in the form of a…… [Read More]. New Face of Development Ronald Inglehart and. The overarching goal that is found in synthesizing each of these works is that the ultimate repercussion for development will involve a shifting of power from conventional Westernization to the emergence of developing nations leading the way in a host of vital areas such as population, workforce, and aspects of production including food and health care.

Lancaster's article alludes to this fact by examining the history of development since the close of World War II. One of the most vital factors during this nearly year process is the Cold War,…… [Read More].

Nature of American Revolution Over the Period. Nature of American Revolution Over the period of time, there has been a continuous debate over the nature of American revolution.

Historians and scholars of every time have seen the entire movement with their own perspectives and labelled it according to their own thinking. The revolution has been considered social, radical, conservative or simply an independence movement from British Rule due to discontent amongst the masses which was led by thirteen independent states.

Hence the question arises at many occasions that the American Revolution was indeed, revolutionary in nature or not? If it was a real and true revolution by all means, then up to what extent? And if it is not, what prevented it from being a revolutionary movement and how much were the social impacts? To answer these questions in appropriate way, lets have a brief look at the entire scenario of the movement so that it becomes…… [Read More]. Middle East My Enemy's Enemy. At the beginning of the book, the young man is humiliated and tortured by the Western appearing and speaking judicial committee.

Then, further demonstrating the levels of control and command over their citizens, the committee attempt to impinge upon the ways that young man thinks.

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Progressive Era essays The progressive era was the response of different groups to the problems that were caused by the rapid industrialization and urbanization that came after the Civil War. Some of these problems included the spread of poverty, the exploitation of labor, the breakdown of democrat.

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- The Progressive Era The turn of the century was marked by a movement known as the Progressive Era, during which many groups sought to reshape the nation's government and society in response to the pressure of urbanization and industrialization.

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The Progressive era promoted social and moral changes, like the crime, poverty, and corruption. Also, women's rights, African American's rights and Jewish rights were affected due to the Progressive era/5(16). Oct 08,  · The Progressive Era The progressive era was a time of great change, the way people thought and what they did began to change quickly. Industry and business also changed a great deal in this era, with the many new inventions and strong businessmen things where rapidly changing.

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The progressive era in the US is commonly accepted to have been from the s to the s but it still is influential and is still alive in the modern era. Progressive Era Essay Progressive Era: Political and Social Reforms Many economic and social changes transformed the American society in the 20th century, including innovations in technology, science, living standards, mass communication, entertainment, gender roles and the role of the government.