The Federalist papers divide logically into a number of sections, with each having a central theme developed in a succession of short chapters. Consequently, the material will be dealt with in sections. Chapter breaks are indicated for easier reference. The eight chapters in this section laid down the historical groundwork for the arguments on specific constitutional points and political theories to be discussed in detail later.
The opening statement was bold and rather bald, characteristically Hamiltonian in style. The American people, "after an unequivocal experience of the inefficacy of the subsisting Federal Government," were not being called on to consider the adoption of an entirely new United States constitution, a subject of paramount importance.
Anticipating sharp criticism of the proposed constitution, and active opposition to it, Hamilton grouped dissidents into several categories. There were those constitutionally opposed to any change, no matter what. There were those who feared that a change might cost them their jobs. There were those who liked to fish in troubled waters. The largest body consisted of men of "upright intentions" whose opposition arose "from sources, blameless at least, if not respectable, the honest errors of minds led astray by preconceived jealousies and fears.
The debate on both sides should be conducted with moderation, for "nothing could be more ill judged than that intolerant spirit, which has, at all times, characterised political parties. Hamilton then clearly outlined what was going to be discussed in succeeding essays, particularly the "utility of Union.
The most interesting thing here is Hamilton's analysis of the groups opposing the proposed constitution.
There were those congenitally opposed to any change, no matter what. The Articles of Confederation was the first written constitution of the United States. Stemming from wartime urgency, its progress was slowed by fears of central authority and extensive land claims by states before was it was ratified on March 1, Under these articles, the The Whiskey Rebellion was a uprising of farmers and distillers in western Pennsylvania in protest of a whiskey tax enacted by the federal government.
Following years of aggression with tax collectors, the region finally exploded in a confrontation that had President Daniel Ellsberg, a former Defense Department analyst who had become an antiwar activist, had stolen the documents. On March 8, , a group of Pennsylvania militiamen slaughtered some 90 unarmed Native Americans at the Moravian mission settlement of Gnadenhutten, Ohio.
Although the militiamen claimed they were seeking revenge for Indian raids on their frontier settlements, the Indians they James Madison was a founding father of the United States and the fourth American president, serving in office from to An advocate for a strong federal government, the Virginia-born Madison composed the first drafts of the U.
The Federalist was written in order to secure the ratification of a constitution providing for a more perfect union. Throughout the papers, the idea of the more perfect union occupies a front stage. On first glance, this might be the primary purpose of the papers but indeed, the Federalist Papers are concerned with much more.
This document (the Federalist) will provide all the reasons to support the new plan of government described in the U.S. Constitution, and responses to each of the criticisms of the plan. Opponents to the new plan criticize it most on it creating a strong central government that will be abusive to individual liberty.
The Federalist Papers consist of eighty-five letters written to newspapers in the late s to urge ratification of the U.S. Constitution. With the Constitution needing approval from nine of thirteen states, the press was inundated . the federalist papers The Federalist Papers are a series of 85 articles or essays advocating the ratification of the United States Constitution. Seventy-seven of the essays were published serially in The Independent Journal and The New York Packet between October and August
The Federalist Papers were constructed as a means to counteract absolute power of a single governing body and reshape the constructs of the European gubernatorial model – monarchy. Prior to the independence of the United States of America in , monarchical rule – the consolidation of power under a single governing body – was . The issues covered in the original papers and in the summaries below are those with unique aspects to this new form of government, namely federalism, division of powers, representation, and sovereignty of the people.